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2D or 3D? The Effects on Viewers’ Sense of Presence and Enjoyment
Unformatted Document Text:  The Effects on Viewers’ Sense of Presence and Enjoyment 11 H 2 , predicting that viewers of depth cue version would report a higher level of enjoyment than those who watched the clips without depth of field cue was supported. The main effect was F(1, 106) = 7.84, p < .01, η p 2 = .07. Specifically, viewers of depth cue version reported a significantly higher level of enjoyment (M = 5.86, SD =.20) than those who watched clips without depth cue (M = 5.50, SD =.21). The mean values for dependent measures are demonstrated in Table 1. [Insert Table 1 about here] H 3 , predicting viewers who watched the movie segments in 3D would report a greater level of sense of presence than those who watched the segments in 2D, was partially supported. The main effect was statistically significant for the negative physical effects dimension, F(1, 106) = 33.79, p < .001, η p 2 =.24. Specifically, viewers who watched the movie segments in 3D had significantly more negative reactions (M =1.37, SD = .15) than those who viewed in 2D (M =2.58, SD = .14). As for H 4 predicting viewers who watched the movie clips in 3D would report greater levels of enjoyment, the main effect was not statistically significant, F(1, 106) = 3.35, p = .07, η p 2 = . 03.Therefore, viewing dimension did not exert a main effect on audiences’ listed enjoyment. (See Table 2). [Insert Table 2 about here] H 5 predicted that there was an interactive effect on depth of field cues and dimensionality. The results indicted that there was an interaction of depth of field cues and dimensionality on spatial presence, F(1, 106) = 4.00, p < .05, η p 2 = .06. However, the finding indicates that viewers

Authors: Zhang, Cui., Zhou, Shuhua. and Meadows, Charles.
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The Effects on Viewers’ Sense of Presence and Enjoyment
                                                                  
11
H
2
, predicting that viewers of depth cue version would report a higher level of enjoyment 
than those who watched the clips without depth of field cue was supported. The main effect was 
F(1, 106) = 7.84, < .01, 
η
p
 2
 = .07. Specifically, viewers of depth cue version reported a 
significantly higher level of enjoyment (= 5.86, SD =.20) than those who watched clips 
without depth cue (= 5.50, SD =.21). The mean values for dependent measures are 
demonstrated in Table 1. 
[Insert Table 1 about here]
H
3
, predicting viewers who watched the movie segments in 3D would report a greater level 
of sense of presence than those who watched the segments in 2D, was partially supported. The 
main effect was statistically significant for the negative physical effects dimension, F(1, 106) = 
33.79, < .001, 
η
p
 2
 =.24. Specifically, viewers who watched the movie segments in 3D had 
significantly more negative reactions (=1.37, SD = .15) than those who viewed in 2D (
=2.58, SD = .14). 
As for H
4
 predicting viewers who watched the movie clips in 3D would report greater levels 
of enjoyment, the main effect was not statistically significant, F(1, 106) = 3.35, = .07, 
η
p
2
 = .
03.Therefore, viewing dimension did not exert a main effect on audiences’ listed enjoyment. 
(See Table 2). 
[Insert Table 2 about here]
H
5
 predicted that there was an interactive effect on depth of field cues and dimensionality. 
The results indicted that there was an interaction of depth of field cues and dimensionality on 
spatial presence, F(1, 106) = 4.00, < .05, 
η
p
2
 = .06. However, the finding indicates that viewers 


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