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John Buchanan's Maryland: Prelude to Dred Scott Decision

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Abstract:

This paper seeks to merge the fields of social and legal history by historicizing John Buchanan’s opinions as Chief Justice of Maryland’s Court of Appeals from 1810 to 1830. John Buchanan presided over many African American freedom suits and other cases where slaves were involved, setting precedent in Maryland and establishing the legal basis of proslavery jurisprudence in the state. He, among others in Maryland, inaugurates this proslavery legal reasoning well before other southern justices. Despite defining Maryland’s proslavery jurisprudence, there is little written about him. Yet, his interpretation of slave law and his articulation of proslavery jurisprudence helped set the stage for the legal reasoning fellow Marylander Roger B. Taney, Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, would use in the Dred Scott case. As historians have argued, Taney's opinion in Scott helped ignite the Civil War.
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Association:
Name: 96th Annual Convention
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http://www.asalh.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p522200_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Reid, Patricia. "John Buchanan's Maryland: Prelude to Dred Scott Decision" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 96th Annual Convention, TBA, Richmond, VA, Oct 04, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p522200_index.html>

APA Citation:

Reid, P. , 2011-10-04 "John Buchanan's Maryland: Prelude to Dred Scott Decision" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 96th Annual Convention, TBA, Richmond, VA <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p522200_index.html

Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper seeks to merge the fields of social and legal history by historicizing John Buchanan’s opinions as Chief Justice of Maryland’s Court of Appeals from 1810 to 1830. John Buchanan presided over many African American freedom suits and other cases where slaves were involved, setting precedent in Maryland and establishing the legal basis of proslavery jurisprudence in the state. He, among others in Maryland, inaugurates this proslavery legal reasoning well before other southern justices. Despite defining Maryland’s proslavery jurisprudence, there is little written about him. Yet, his interpretation of slave law and his articulation of proslavery jurisprudence helped set the stage for the legal reasoning fellow Marylander Roger B. Taney, Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, would use in the Dred Scott case. As historians have argued, Taney's opinion in Scott helped ignite the Civil War.


Similar Titles:
Playing Favorites: Dred Scott's Judicial Politics and its Effect on Black Citizenship and Southern Honor

Abraham Lincoln and Judicial Supremacy in the Case of Dred Scott


 
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