Citation

Butler, the General with the White Face and Black Heart

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Abstract:

General Benjamin Butler was hated and criticized for becoming a fanatical supporter of Negro equality. At the beginning of the Civil War, General Butler was indifferent to the plight of Negroes. General Butlers initial views were common among Union officers, most felt that blacks would not fight for their own freedom. Perhaps, he was changed when he had to rule on a case of slave brutality in New Orleans. Butler met with free New Orleans black men to determine, if given the opportunity, “will they fight?” Butler mustered the first black regiment, the Louisiana Native Guard, into service in 1862. A year later the Louisiana Native Guard answered Butler’s question. “Yes, they will fight.”
Following the emancipation Proclamation, Butler met with President Lincoln to discuss African colonization of the Negroes. Butler replied that it would not work and he preferred John Browns plan of arming the Negroes. This meeting initiated the recruitment of black soldiers which resulted in 130,000 USCT’s in the field.
Following gallantry at Port Hudson, Milliken’s Bend, Fort Wagner and Petersburg, black troops were still not trusted by white troops. Lincoln was also not expected to win reelection in November 1864. Butler declined Lincoln’s invitation to be vice president and planned to win a major battle with black troops at Richmond. Black troops successively captured New Market Heights and destroyed Richmond’s outer defenses. Lincoln won reelection. Black troops were awarded 14 Congressional Medals of Honor which remains as Africa-Americas greatest military honor.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

black (147), butler (134), troop (96), general (87), would (76), men (73), new (72), slave (69), battl (69), negro (65), confeder (63), brigad (63), line (63), white (56), soldier (56), regiment (51), one (50), union (48), color (48), charg (48), armi (47),
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Association:
Name: 96th Annual Convention
URL:
http://www.asalh.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p522384_index.html
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MLA Citation:

White, John. "Butler, the General with the White Face and Black Heart" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 96th Annual Convention, TBA, Richmond, VA, Oct 04, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p522384_index.html>

APA Citation:

White, J. A. , 2011-10-04 "Butler, the General with the White Face and Black Heart" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 96th Annual Convention, TBA, Richmond, VA Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-11-25 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p522384_index.html

Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: General Benjamin Butler was hated and criticized for becoming a fanatical supporter of Negro equality. At the beginning of the Civil War, General Butler was indifferent to the plight of Negroes. General Butlers initial views were common among Union officers, most felt that blacks would not fight for their own freedom. Perhaps, he was changed when he had to rule on a case of slave brutality in New Orleans. Butler met with free New Orleans black men to determine, if given the opportunity, “will they fight?” Butler mustered the first black regiment, the Louisiana Native Guard, into service in 1862. A year later the Louisiana Native Guard answered Butler’s question. “Yes, they will fight.”
Following the emancipation Proclamation, Butler met with President Lincoln to discuss African colonization of the Negroes. Butler replied that it would not work and he preferred John Browns plan of arming the Negroes. This meeting initiated the recruitment of black soldiers which resulted in 130,000 USCT’s in the field.
Following gallantry at Port Hudson, Milliken’s Bend, Fort Wagner and Petersburg, black troops were still not trusted by white troops. Lincoln was also not expected to win reelection in November 1864. Butler declined Lincoln’s invitation to be vice president and planned to win a major battle with black troops at Richmond. Black troops successively captured New Market Heights and destroyed Richmond’s outer defenses. Lincoln won reelection. Black troops were awarded 14 Congressional Medals of Honor which remains as Africa-Americas greatest military honor.


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Forgotten Black Soldiers Who Served in White Regiments During the Civil War


 
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