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Examination of (Corn Oil) as a Biodiesel

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Abstract:

Biodiesel, mono alkyl esters, a diesel fuel from natural, renewable sources such as vegetable oils is prepared from corn oil. This corn biodiesel is composed of 80% Palmitic acid (lipid number of C16:0), 14% Stearic acid (C18:0), and 3% Arachidic acid (C20:0). Corn oil biodiesel was prepared by heating corn oil and methanol at 65oC to 70o, using sodium hydroxide as a catalyst. Biodiesels may contain small but problematic quantities of water reducing the heat of combustion, meaning more smoke, harder starting, and less power. Removing water from the biodiesel increases energy in the heat of combustion. Different methodologies, using different catalyst to break emulsion, are investigated to reduce water content. Corn oil biodiesel was analyzed to determine heat of combustion, density, refractive index, and infra-red spectrum. Over 99% of the monounsaturated fatty acids are oleic acid (C18:1 c). 98% of the polyunsaturated fatty acids are omega-6 linoleic acids (C18:2 n-6 c,c), 2% remainder being the omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3 n-3 c,c,c). Corn oil is also a feedstock used for biodiesel. Other uses for corn oil include soap, salve, paint, rustproofing for metal surfaces, inks, textiles, nitroglycerin, and insecticides or used as a carrier for drug molecules in pharmaceutical preparations.
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Association:
Name: Oklahoma Research Day
URL:
http://www.cameron.edu/okresearchday


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p549630_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Moore, Jordan. "Examination of (Corn Oil) as a Biodiesel" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Oklahoma Research Day, Cameron University, Lawton, OK, Nov 04, 2011 <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p549630_index.html>

APA Citation:

Moore, J. , 2011-11-04 "Examination of (Corn Oil) as a Biodiesel" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Oklahoma Research Day, Cameron University, Lawton, OK <Not Available>. 2014-11-25 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p549630_index.html

Publication Type: Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Biodiesel, mono alkyl esters, a diesel fuel from natural, renewable sources such as vegetable oils is prepared from corn oil. This corn biodiesel is composed of 80% Palmitic acid (lipid number of C16:0), 14% Stearic acid (C18:0), and 3% Arachidic acid (C20:0). Corn oil biodiesel was prepared by heating corn oil and methanol at 65oC to 70o, using sodium hydroxide as a catalyst. Biodiesels may contain small but problematic quantities of water reducing the heat of combustion, meaning more smoke, harder starting, and less power. Removing water from the biodiesel increases energy in the heat of combustion. Different methodologies, using different catalyst to break emulsion, are investigated to reduce water content. Corn oil biodiesel was analyzed to determine heat of combustion, density, refractive index, and infra-red spectrum. Over 99% of the monounsaturated fatty acids are oleic acid (C18:1 c). 98% of the polyunsaturated fatty acids are omega-6 linoleic acids (C18:2 n-6 c,c), 2% remainder being the omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3 n-3 c,c,c). Corn oil is also a feedstock used for biodiesel. Other uses for corn oil include soap, salve, paint, rustproofing for metal surfaces, inks, textiles, nitroglycerin, and insecticides or used as a carrier for drug molecules in pharmaceutical preparations.


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