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Does endorsement of hierarchy make you evil? SDO and psychopathy

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Abstract:

Though Pratto et al (1994) reported no relationship between interpersonal dominance and Social Dominance Orientation (SDO), subsequent studies have hinted that SDO is correlated with interpersonal dominance in the form of Machiavellianism, which has in turn been shown to be strongly associated with the constellation of pathological personality characteristics referred to as psychopathy. In this paper, we show a weighted average correlation between SDO and self-reported primary (personality-level) psychopathy of .42 across 11 studies and, more importantly, test the potential longitudinal relationships between SDO and primary psychopathy. Specifically, in two samples (300 undergraduates completing both measures four months apart, and 2000 members of the general population completing measures two months apart) we found that SDO and primary psychopathy show significant reciprocal relationships over time – higher SDO at time 1 is associated with an increase in psychopathy at time 2, and vice-versa. This contributes to the debate concerning the appropriate ‘level’ at which to conceptualise SDO. Additionally, it suggests that those with psychopathic characteristics endorse hierarchical social conditions that benefit their pursuit of individual gains, and raises the prospect that endorsement of intergroup dominance might lead to greater willingness to pursue interpersonal dominance.

Author's Keywords:

Psychopathy, interpersonal dominance
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Association:
Name: ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting
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http://ispp.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p570757_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Wilson, Marc. and Sibley, Chris. "Does endorsement of hierarchy make you evil? SDO and psychopathy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting, Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL, Jul 06, 2012 <Not Available>. 2014-09-12 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p570757_index.html>

APA Citation:

Wilson, M. S. and Sibley, C. G. , 2012-07-06 "Does endorsement of hierarchy make you evil? SDO and psychopathy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting, Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL <Not Available>. 2014-09-12 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p570757_index.html

Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Though Pratto et al (1994) reported no relationship between interpersonal dominance and Social Dominance Orientation (SDO), subsequent studies have hinted that SDO is correlated with interpersonal dominance in the form of Machiavellianism, which has in turn been shown to be strongly associated with the constellation of pathological personality characteristics referred to as psychopathy. In this paper, we show a weighted average correlation between SDO and self-reported primary (personality-level) psychopathy of .42 across 11 studies and, more importantly, test the potential longitudinal relationships between SDO and primary psychopathy. Specifically, in two samples (300 undergraduates completing both measures four months apart, and 2000 members of the general population completing measures two months apart) we found that SDO and primary psychopathy show significant reciprocal relationships over time – higher SDO at time 1 is associated with an increase in psychopathy at time 2, and vice-versa. This contributes to the debate concerning the appropriate ‘level’ at which to conceptualise SDO. Additionally, it suggests that those with psychopathic characteristics endorse hierarchical social conditions that benefit their pursuit of individual gains, and raises the prospect that endorsement of intergroup dominance might lead to greater willingness to pursue interpersonal dominance.

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