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Below the Surface: Nonconscious Outperforms Conscious Lie Detection

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Abstract:

Although falling victim to others’ deception poses a potentially disastrous threat to fitness, humans perform no better than chance in explicit lie detection tasks. This finding is at odds with the evolutionary proposition that cheater-detection mechanisms should be favoured. We hypothesized that accurate lie detection may be nonconscious, potentially directing fitness-relevant behaviour without conscious awareness. Using reaction time methodology (an IAT task), participants were faster to classify congruous pairs (name/picture of liar and deception terms) than incongruous pairs (truth-teller and deception terms). Nonconscious associations were more accurate than chance and explicit veracity assessments. Future research and implications will be discussed.
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Association:
Name: APLS Conference
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http://www.ap-ls.org/


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p632576_index.html
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MLA Citation:

ten Brinke, Leanne., Carney, Dana. and Stimson, Dayna. "Below the Surface: Nonconscious Outperforms Conscious Lie Detection" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APLS Conference, Hilton Portland & Executive Tower, Portland, OR., Mar 07, 2013 <Not Available>. 2014-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p632576_index.html>

APA Citation:

ten Brinke, L. , Carney, D. R. and Stimson, D. , 2013-03-07 "Below the Surface: Nonconscious Outperforms Conscious Lie Detection" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APLS Conference, Hilton Portland & Executive Tower, Portland, OR. <Not Available>. 2014-12-11 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p632576_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Although falling victim to others’ deception poses a potentially disastrous threat to fitness, humans perform no better than chance in explicit lie detection tasks. This finding is at odds with the evolutionary proposition that cheater-detection mechanisms should be favoured. We hypothesized that accurate lie detection may be nonconscious, potentially directing fitness-relevant behaviour without conscious awareness. Using reaction time methodology (an IAT task), participants were faster to classify congruous pairs (name/picture of liar and deception terms) than incongruous pairs (truth-teller and deception terms). Nonconscious associations were more accurate than chance and explicit veracity assessments. Future research and implications will be discussed.


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