Citation

A comparison study on Inclusive Education and Special Needs Education in Maldives

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Abstract:

Maldives consist of over 1200 small and spreading islands in the Indian Ocean. In 1984, the Special Education program, called SEN in Maldives, was started in the capital city by a group of parents of hearing impairment. The SEN program expanded to the other atolls beginning in 2007, and in 2010 the Disability Act of Maldives was ratified. After just two years, the “Inclusive Education Policy” was endorsed by the Ministry of Education in 2012. The Ministry of Education has tried to introduce a dual promotion system of special needs education and Inclusive education at the same time. The implementation is rapid, and SEN classes are already implemented in at least one school in each atoll.
To evaluate implementation of this system, in August 2012, we conducted field research using a questionnaire and class observation to compare the Inclusive Education and SEN programs. We collected 65 questionnaires and performed 12 class observations. Our results indicate that evaluation of the SEN class is equally highly evaluated as that of education for children with disabilities in the inclusive class. Nearly half of those who completed questionnaires responded that, in principle, children with disabilities should be educated in special classes, but children who are capable of joining or wish to join the formal class should be educated with their peers in formal classes. (220 words)

Author's Keywords:

special education, inclusive education, equity and access
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Association:
Name: 57th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society
URL:
http://www.cies.us


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p634367_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Kawaguchi, Jun. "A comparison study on Inclusive Education and Special Needs Education in Maldives" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 57th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Hilton Riverside Hotel, New Orleans, LA, <Not Available>. 2014-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p634367_index.html>

APA Citation:

Kawaguchi, J. "A comparison study on Inclusive Education and Special Needs Education in Maldives" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 57th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Hilton Riverside Hotel, New Orleans, LA <Not Available>. 2014-12-11 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p634367_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Maldives consist of over 1200 small and spreading islands in the Indian Ocean. In 1984, the Special Education program, called SEN in Maldives, was started in the capital city by a group of parents of hearing impairment. The SEN program expanded to the other atolls beginning in 2007, and in 2010 the Disability Act of Maldives was ratified. After just two years, the “Inclusive Education Policy” was endorsed by the Ministry of Education in 2012. The Ministry of Education has tried to introduce a dual promotion system of special needs education and Inclusive education at the same time. The implementation is rapid, and SEN classes are already implemented in at least one school in each atoll.
To evaluate implementation of this system, in August 2012, we conducted field research using a questionnaire and class observation to compare the Inclusive Education and SEN programs. We collected 65 questionnaires and performed 12 class observations. Our results indicate that evaluation of the SEN class is equally highly evaluated as that of education for children with disabilities in the inclusive class. Nearly half of those who completed questionnaires responded that, in principle, children with disabilities should be educated in special classes, but children who are capable of joining or wish to join the formal class should be educated with their peers in formal classes. (220 words)


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Comparative analysis of special education needs in the Asia-Pacific region: Effective implementation of inclusive education

Addressing the Need for Qualified Teachers in Urban Schools: Findings from a Study of Elementary, Secondary, and Special Education Graduates


 
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