Citation

Sexual Favors as Capital: how higher education shapes sexual behavior on dates, hookups, and in relationships

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Abstract:

The rise of women's educational attainment in recent decades has been credited with increases in female labor force participation and the decreasing gender wage gap in the United States. Such gains to women's economic power has changed how men and women navigate the heterosexual marriage and dating market. Gender roles have become less pronounced as both men and women offer and seek increasingly similar traits--financial and economic resources, social status, companionship, and emotional support. Scholars also point out that women who have greater economic independence are less likely to rely on traditionally female resources to secure or retain a male partner. In this paper, I show that women's educational attainment also influences the behavior of women in very short term sexual encounters that are unlikely to result in life-long partnership and household formation. Using responses from the Online College Social Life Survey (2005-2011) I demonstrate that women who have greater expected earnings--by number of college years completed, educational aspirations, and field of study--are less likely to give sexual favors during hookups, dates, and exclusive relationships. While these increases in human capital lower women's propensity to offer her sexuality in short-term mating interactions, the rate in which college women give sexual favors still exceed that of men's. This suggests that gender processes are still salient in interactions even among groups that sociologists consider relatively egalitarian. I also find an association between college women's expected earnings with their attitude towards household labor division and general orientation towards exchanging orgasms during sex.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

women (108), sexual (91), men (65), gender (37), colleg (37), educ (32), favor (29), date (28), relationship (27), sex (26), rate (25), behavior (25), 1 (25), econom (25), labor (25), expect (23), respond (22), school (22), earn (22), among (21), higher (20),
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Association:
Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.asanet.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p650033_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Sohn, Heeju. "Sexual Favors as Capital: how higher education shapes sexual behavior on dates, hookups, and in relationships" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton New York and Sheraton New York, New York, NY, Aug 09, 2013 <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p650033_index.html>

APA Citation:

Sohn, H. , 2013-08-09 "Sexual Favors as Capital: how higher education shapes sexual behavior on dates, hookups, and in relationships" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton New York and Sheraton New York, New York, NY Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p650033_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The rise of women's educational attainment in recent decades has been credited with increases in female labor force participation and the decreasing gender wage gap in the United States. Such gains to women's economic power has changed how men and women navigate the heterosexual marriage and dating market. Gender roles have become less pronounced as both men and women offer and seek increasingly similar traits--financial and economic resources, social status, companionship, and emotional support. Scholars also point out that women who have greater economic independence are less likely to rely on traditionally female resources to secure or retain a male partner. In this paper, I show that women's educational attainment also influences the behavior of women in very short term sexual encounters that are unlikely to result in life-long partnership and household formation. Using responses from the Online College Social Life Survey (2005-2011) I demonstrate that women who have greater expected earnings--by number of college years completed, educational aspirations, and field of study--are less likely to give sexual favors during hookups, dates, and exclusive relationships. While these increases in human capital lower women's propensity to offer her sexuality in short-term mating interactions, the rate in which college women give sexual favors still exceed that of men's. This suggests that gender processes are still salient in interactions even among groups that sociologists consider relatively egalitarian. I also find an association between college women's expected earnings with their attitude towards household labor division and general orientation towards exchanging orgasms during sex.


Similar Titles:
The Relationship between Risky Behaviors, Individual Characteristics, and Sexual Revictimization among College Women

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