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Overcoming competitive-victimhood among Jews and Palestinians through re-categorization into a common victim or perpetrator identity

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Abstract:

Conflicting groups experience a strong need for acknowledgment of their suffering, leading them to engage in competition over the legitimate victim status. Groups' engagement in competitive-victimhood, however, undermines forgiveness (Noor, Shnabel, Halabi, & Nadler, 2012). Study 1 found that reassuring Israeli-Jews' and Israeli-Palestinians' victim status increased their mutual empathy and conciliatory tendencies. Building on the Common Ingroup Identity Model (Gaertner & Dovidio, 2000), Study 2 developed and tested the effectiveness of interventions designed to induce Israeli-Jews and Israeli-Palestinians with a common victim identity ("both groups are victims of the Middle East conflict"), or common regional identity ("Middle Easterners"). As predicted, the induction of common victim identity, compared to a control condition, decreased competitive-victimhood, which in turn increased forgiveness. The induction of common regional identity failed to set this process in motion. Extending Study 2, Study 3 revealed that inducing either a common victim or common perpetrator identity (i.e., "both groups had actively transgressed against each other"), but not a common regional identity, led to decreased competitive-victimhood and increased forgiveness. The mechanisms, however, were decreased moral-defensiveness in the common victim intervention versus increased sense of agency in the common perpetrator intervention. We conclude that (a) consistent with the Needs-Based Model's logic (Shnabel & Nadler, 2008), the engagement in competitive-victimhood stems from the conflicting parties' motivation to restore both agency and positive moral-image; (b) facilitating forgiveness among Jews and Palestinians may critically require both the induction of a common identity and reducing engagement in competitive-victimhood.
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Association:
Name: ISPP 36th Annual Scientific Meeting
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http://ispp.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p658150_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Shnabel, Nurit., Halabi, Samer. and Noor, Masi. "Overcoming competitive-victimhood among Jews and Palestinians through re-categorization into a common victim or perpetrator identity" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 36th Annual Scientific Meeting, Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, IDC–Herzliya, Herzliya, Israel, <Not Available>. 2014-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p658150_index.html>

APA Citation:

Shnabel, N. , Halabi, S. and Noor, M. "Overcoming competitive-victimhood among Jews and Palestinians through re-categorization into a common victim or perpetrator identity" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 36th Annual Scientific Meeting, Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, IDC–Herzliya, Herzliya, Israel <Not Available>. 2014-12-11 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p658150_index.html

Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Abstract: Conflicting groups experience a strong need for acknowledgment of their suffering, leading them to engage in competition over the legitimate victim status. Groups' engagement in competitive-victimhood, however, undermines forgiveness (Noor, Shnabel, Halabi, & Nadler, 2012). Study 1 found that reassuring Israeli-Jews' and Israeli-Palestinians' victim status increased their mutual empathy and conciliatory tendencies. Building on the Common Ingroup Identity Model (Gaertner & Dovidio, 2000), Study 2 developed and tested the effectiveness of interventions designed to induce Israeli-Jews and Israeli-Palestinians with a common victim identity ("both groups are victims of the Middle East conflict"), or common regional identity ("Middle Easterners"). As predicted, the induction of common victim identity, compared to a control condition, decreased competitive-victimhood, which in turn increased forgiveness. The induction of common regional identity failed to set this process in motion. Extending Study 2, Study 3 revealed that inducing either a common victim or common perpetrator identity (i.e., "both groups had actively transgressed against each other"), but not a common regional identity, led to decreased competitive-victimhood and increased forgiveness. The mechanisms, however, were decreased moral-defensiveness in the common victim intervention versus increased sense of agency in the common perpetrator intervention. We conclude that (a) consistent with the Needs-Based Model's logic (Shnabel & Nadler, 2008), the engagement in competitive-victimhood stems from the conflicting parties' motivation to restore both agency and positive moral-image; (b) facilitating forgiveness among Jews and Palestinians may critically require both the induction of a common identity and reducing engagement in competitive-victimhood.


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Victims versus Perpetrators: Infidelity and Depression among Married, Cohabiting and Dating Men and Women

“Silenced Victims”: The Progressive Development of the Collective Sense of Victimhood among the Palestinians in Israel


 
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