Citation

Like mother AND like daughter? Direction of effects in intergenerational transmission of xenophobia and tolerance.

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Abstract:

Although parents have been assumed to influence intergroup attitudes (xenophobia and tolerance) of their offspring, there is little longitudinal evidence supporting this claim. In addition, although current models of socialization emphasize bidirectional processes, research on transmission of xenophobia has for forty decades adhered to the idea of parents transmitting their attitudes but being themselves unaffected by adolescents. This 2-wave study of adolescents (N = 519) and their parents aimed to examine the relations between parents and adolescents’ xenophobia and tolerance from a longitudinal perspective and to challenge the prevailing transmission paradigm. We addressed these goals by examining (1) whether parents’ xenophobia and tolerance would predict over-time changes in adolescents’ attitudes; (2) whether adolescents’ xenophobia and tolerance would elicit over-time changes in parents’ attitudes; (3) whether there would be any cross-influence effects: (a) from parents’ xenophobia to adolescents’ tolerance and from parents’ tolerance to adolescents’ xenophobia, as well as (b) from adolescents’ xenophobia to parents’ tolerance and from adolescents’ tolerance to parents’ xenophobia; (4) whether some of the effects would depend on adolescent’s gender. Results showed significant reciprocal relations between parents and adolescents’ xenophobia and tolerance. Controlling for these effects, none of the cross-influences reached significance and no gender effects were found. These results indicate that both theory of transmission and previous research findings should be revisited.

Author's Keywords:

xenophobia, tolerance, adoelscents, transmission, parents
Convention
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Association:
Name: ISPP 36th Annual Scientific Meeting
URL:
http://ispp.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p658576_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Miklikowska, Marta. "Like mother AND like daughter? Direction of effects in intergenerational transmission of xenophobia and tolerance." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 36th Annual Scientific Meeting, Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, IDC–Herzliya, Herzliya, Israel, Jul 04, 2013 <Not Available>. 2014-12-11 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p658576_index.html>

APA Citation:

Miklikowska, M. , 2013-07-04 "Like mother AND like daughter? Direction of effects in intergenerational transmission of xenophobia and tolerance." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 36th Annual Scientific Meeting, Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, IDC–Herzliya, Herzliya, Israel <Not Available>. 2014-12-11 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p658576_index.html

Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Although parents have been assumed to influence intergroup attitudes (xenophobia and tolerance) of their offspring, there is little longitudinal evidence supporting this claim. In addition, although current models of socialization emphasize bidirectional processes, research on transmission of xenophobia has for forty decades adhered to the idea of parents transmitting their attitudes but being themselves unaffected by adolescents. This 2-wave study of adolescents (N = 519) and their parents aimed to examine the relations between parents and adolescents’ xenophobia and tolerance from a longitudinal perspective and to challenge the prevailing transmission paradigm. We addressed these goals by examining (1) whether parents’ xenophobia and tolerance would predict over-time changes in adolescents’ attitudes; (2) whether adolescents’ xenophobia and tolerance would elicit over-time changes in parents’ attitudes; (3) whether there would be any cross-influence effects: (a) from parents’ xenophobia to adolescents’ tolerance and from parents’ tolerance to adolescents’ xenophobia, as well as (b) from adolescents’ xenophobia to parents’ tolerance and from adolescents’ tolerance to parents’ xenophobia; (4) whether some of the effects would depend on adolescent’s gender. Results showed significant reciprocal relations between parents and adolescents’ xenophobia and tolerance. Controlling for these effects, none of the cross-influences reached significance and no gender effects were found. These results indicate that both theory of transmission and previous research findings should be revisited.


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