Citation

Beyond the Positive-Negative Paradigm of Latino News-Media Representations: DREAM Act exemplars, Stereotypical Selection, and American Otherness

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Abstract:

News media research on coverage of Latinos has historically focused on negative stereotyping, particularly representations of the racial group as threatening, criminal, lazy, or a burden on society. The 2010-2012 newspaper coverage of a proposed immigration policy commonly referred to as the DREAM Act provides a unique case study, one that addresses a subgroup of Latinos that inherently defies traditional stereotypes. A mixed-method analysis of the use of exemplars in newspaper coverage of the DREAM Act reveals a portrayal that, on its face, appears overwhelmingly positive. However, by applying Wilson, Gutiérrez, & Chao’s conceptualizations of Stereotypical Selection, this study reveals layers of complexity beyond a traditional positive-negative paradigm of Other representation. Newspapers’ emphasis on signifiers of hard work, academic achievement, self-determination, and other traditionally “American” cultural codes, juxtaposed with signifiers of poverty and financial need, constitute a Stereotypically Selective “success story.” Such semiotic codes connote a dependency on American systems, and a need to assimilate American values, in order to overcome the “deficits” of being Latino and undocumented. The exemplars are ultimately cast in the model of “problem people” who must be addressed by the dominant culture. Thus, the newspaper coverage establishes the DREAM Act as both tool and metaphor for the mediation of American Otherness, or the socially and culturally constructed idea of earned and conditional Americanness, while maintaining the dominant cultural order’s designation of Other status.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

exemplar (82), dream (62), act (62), media (58), american (57), stori (54), posit (50), negat (49), news (47), latino (46), al (41), et (41), immigr (40), cultur (38), coverag (37), paradigm (35), studi (35), represent (35), stereotyp (35), beyond (34), 2010 (31),
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Association:
Name: Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication
URL:
http://www.aejmc.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p670420_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Chuang, Angie. and Chin Roemer, Robin. "Beyond the Positive-Negative Paradigm of Latino News-Media Representations: DREAM Act exemplars, Stereotypical Selection, and American Otherness" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Renaissance Hotel, Washington DC, Aug 08, 2013 <Not Available>. 2018-08-30 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p670420_index.html>

APA Citation:

Chuang, A. and Chin Roemer, R. , 2013-08-08 "Beyond the Positive-Negative Paradigm of Latino News-Media Representations: DREAM Act exemplars, Stereotypical Selection, and American Otherness" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Renaissance Hotel, Washington DC Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-08-30 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p670420_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: News media research on coverage of Latinos has historically focused on negative stereotyping, particularly representations of the racial group as threatening, criminal, lazy, or a burden on society. The 2010-2012 newspaper coverage of a proposed immigration policy commonly referred to as the DREAM Act provides a unique case study, one that addresses a subgroup of Latinos that inherently defies traditional stereotypes. A mixed-method analysis of the use of exemplars in newspaper coverage of the DREAM Act reveals a portrayal that, on its face, appears overwhelmingly positive. However, by applying Wilson, Gutiérrez, & Chao’s conceptualizations of Stereotypical Selection, this study reveals layers of complexity beyond a traditional positive-negative paradigm of Other representation. Newspapers’ emphasis on signifiers of hard work, academic achievement, self-determination, and other traditionally “American” cultural codes, juxtaposed with signifiers of poverty and financial need, constitute a Stereotypically Selective “success story.” Such semiotic codes connote a dependency on American systems, and a need to assimilate American values, in order to overcome the “deficits” of being Latino and undocumented. The exemplars are ultimately cast in the model of “problem people” who must be addressed by the dominant culture. Thus, the newspaper coverage establishes the DREAM Act as both tool and metaphor for the mediation of American Otherness, or the socially and culturally constructed idea of earned and conditional Americanness, while maintaining the dominant cultural order’s designation of Other status.


Similar Titles:
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