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PARTICIPATION of women and men in the community market conservation programme in the luangwa valley region

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Abstract:

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN AND MEN IN THE COMMUNITY MARKET CONSERVATION PROGRAMME IN THE LUANGWA VALLEY REGION
BY
CHISHA CHUNGU MUWAMBA (M.A. Gender Studies)
LUSAKA, ZAMBIA AUGUST, 2010

This study investigated the participation of women and men in the Community Market Conservation Programme (COMACO) in the Luangwa Valley region. The purpose of the study was to assess the extent to which women and men participated in COMACO. The study was conducted in Mfuwe in Mambwe District in Eastern Province of Zambia from August to October, 2008. In order to collect both qualitative and quantitative data, questionnaires and focus group discussions were used. A total number of 150 respondents, 75 males and 75 females drawn from Mkhanya and Nsefu chiefdoms provided information for the study.

This study reviewed literature on participation in agriculture and conservation livelihood programmes with the objective of identifying conceptual issues regarding participation, especially the factors that influence the participation of women and men in these development programmes or projects. Special attention is paid to Women in Development, Gender and Development, and Eco- Feminism approaches.

The study findings revealed that both women and men participated in production, marketing and decision making in the programme. In general, there was rather a gender balance with regards to access to land, access to ready markets, access to foodstuffs and crop diversification
However, the study established gender inequalities in various aspects of the programme. For instance, more men than women dominated in the programme’s decision making positions. At COMACO’s Community Trading Center, there were more women employed than men. However, women were not among the workers who received payments for specialized duties. In training, more women than men received improved farming techniques.

The participation of women and men in the programme was hindered by socio-economic and cultural factors. Major factors that hindered women’s participation in the programme included: cinamwali (female initiation rites), difficulties in crossing the Msandire and Lupande rivers, poor timing of the meetings and caring for the sick. On the other hand, factors that hindered men from participating in the programme included: lack of satisfactory technical knowledge from COMACO and hunting of wild animals.

It was recommended that there is need for COMACO to educate both women and men on gender issues in order to bring about change in the community as a whole. Gender equity in the programme must be mainstreamed. This integration of gender will guide the organization towards institutional re-consideration and human resource development from a gender perspective.

The significance of this study is to inform project managers on the gender perspectives of the factors that limit men and women’s participation in the project activities not only from the agricultural perspective but from education. The study will also add basic knowledge in the field of gender and could be used for future studies.
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Association:
Name: Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference
URL:
http://www.cies.us


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MLA Citation:

Muwamba, chisha. "PARTICIPATION of women and men in the community market conservation programme in the luangwa valley region" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mar 10, 2014 <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p706933_index.html>

APA Citation:

Muwamba, c. c. , 2014-03-10 "PARTICIPATION of women and men in the community market conservation programme in the luangwa valley region" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p706933_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: AN ASSESSMENT OF THE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN AND MEN IN THE COMMUNITY MARKET CONSERVATION PROGRAMME IN THE LUANGWA VALLEY REGION
BY
CHISHA CHUNGU MUWAMBA (M.A. Gender Studies)
LUSAKA, ZAMBIA AUGUST, 2010

This study investigated the participation of women and men in the Community Market Conservation Programme (COMACO) in the Luangwa Valley region. The purpose of the study was to assess the extent to which women and men participated in COMACO. The study was conducted in Mfuwe in Mambwe District in Eastern Province of Zambia from August to October, 2008. In order to collect both qualitative and quantitative data, questionnaires and focus group discussions were used. A total number of 150 respondents, 75 males and 75 females drawn from Mkhanya and Nsefu chiefdoms provided information for the study.

This study reviewed literature on participation in agriculture and conservation livelihood programmes with the objective of identifying conceptual issues regarding participation, especially the factors that influence the participation of women and men in these development programmes or projects. Special attention is paid to Women in Development, Gender and Development, and Eco- Feminism approaches.

The study findings revealed that both women and men participated in production, marketing and decision making in the programme. In general, there was rather a gender balance with regards to access to land, access to ready markets, access to foodstuffs and crop diversification
However, the study established gender inequalities in various aspects of the programme. For instance, more men than women dominated in the programme’s decision making positions. At COMACO’s Community Trading Center, there were more women employed than men. However, women were not among the workers who received payments for specialized duties. In training, more women than men received improved farming techniques.

The participation of women and men in the programme was hindered by socio-economic and cultural factors. Major factors that hindered women’s participation in the programme included: cinamwali (female initiation rites), difficulties in crossing the Msandire and Lupande rivers, poor timing of the meetings and caring for the sick. On the other hand, factors that hindered men from participating in the programme included: lack of satisfactory technical knowledge from COMACO and hunting of wild animals.

It was recommended that there is need for COMACO to educate both women and men on gender issues in order to bring about change in the community as a whole. Gender equity in the programme must be mainstreamed. This integration of gender will guide the organization towards institutional re-consideration and human resource development from a gender perspective.

The significance of this study is to inform project managers on the gender perspectives of the factors that limit men and women’s participation in the project activities not only from the agricultural perspective but from education. The study will also add basic knowledge in the field of gender and could be used for future studies.


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