Citation

Tanzanian healthcare providers’ awareness of the problematic nature of HIV/AIDS

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Abstract:

Medical health professionals are uniquely positioned to have insider knowledge as to the barriers to treatment and care for patients living with HIV/AIDS, the social and structural factors that contribute to the spread of the disease, and the impact of the epidemic on communities at large. This study aims to answer: According to medical health providers in Northern Tanzania, why is HIV/AIDS a problem? Using a self-report survey, 83 medical professionals involved in HIV/AIDS care in Northern Tanzania were surveyed. Open-ended questions were analyzed using a grounded theory approach. When asked “Why is HIV a problem in Tanzania?” providers identified themes in several areas: 1) broad political and economic factors, such as poverty; 2) individual risk behaviors, including unprotected sexual intercourse; 3) the social environment, primarily stigma and discrimination; and 4) structural factors related to access to education and resources. These themes correspond to the ecological framework, which emphasizes different levels of influence on individuals’ health. One theme, however, that did not emerge was the awareness of the role medical providers play in creating barriers to treatment and care. Because healthcare providers play an important role in HIV prevention, treatment and care, the quality of the patient-provider relationship can serve as a determinant as to whether patients are adherent to medication regimens and continue to stay in care. These findings indicate that while medical providers understand the problematic influences on HIV/AIDS to be larger than just the individual, they fail to see medical professionals as one of those influential obstacles.
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Association:
Name: Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting
URL:
http://www.pacificsoc.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p707610_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Ayers, Stephanie., Bagwell, Meredith., Nielsen, Karen., Wright, Mia., Marsiglia, Flavio. and Salamone, Damien. "Tanzanian healthcare providers’ awareness of the problematic nature of HIV/AIDS" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Marriott Downtown Waterfront, Portland, Oregon, Mar 27, 2014 <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p707610_index.html>

APA Citation:

Ayers, S. , Bagwell, M. , Nielsen, K. , Wright, M. , Marsiglia, F. and Salamone, D. , 2014-03-27 "Tanzanian healthcare providers’ awareness of the problematic nature of HIV/AIDS" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Marriott Downtown Waterfront, Portland, Oregon <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p707610_index.html

Publication Type: Formal research paper presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Medical health professionals are uniquely positioned to have insider knowledge as to the barriers to treatment and care for patients living with HIV/AIDS, the social and structural factors that contribute to the spread of the disease, and the impact of the epidemic on communities at large. This study aims to answer: According to medical health providers in Northern Tanzania, why is HIV/AIDS a problem? Using a self-report survey, 83 medical professionals involved in HIV/AIDS care in Northern Tanzania were surveyed. Open-ended questions were analyzed using a grounded theory approach. When asked “Why is HIV a problem in Tanzania?” providers identified themes in several areas: 1) broad political and economic factors, such as poverty; 2) individual risk behaviors, including unprotected sexual intercourse; 3) the social environment, primarily stigma and discrimination; and 4) structural factors related to access to education and resources. These themes correspond to the ecological framework, which emphasizes different levels of influence on individuals’ health. One theme, however, that did not emerge was the awareness of the role medical providers play in creating barriers to treatment and care. Because healthcare providers play an important role in HIV prevention, treatment and care, the quality of the patient-provider relationship can serve as a determinant as to whether patients are adherent to medication regimens and continue to stay in care. These findings indicate that while medical providers understand the problematic influences on HIV/AIDS to be larger than just the individual, they fail to see medical professionals as one of those influential obstacles.


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