Citation

Race, adolescent problem behavior, and socioeconomic outcomes in young adulthood

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Abstract:

This study investigates how problem behavior in adolescence contributes to socioeconomic outcomes in young adulthood across race and ethnicity. Problem behavior refers to substance use, delinquency and criminal justice system involvement. Several studies have investigated whether problem behavior alters the life course in ways that are detrimental to young adult achievement, but there are some inconsistent findings. Further, this relationship has not been systematically explored across race and ethnicity. We use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to investigate this issue. Results show that problem behavior in adolescence is significantly related to achievement outcomes by young adulthood, though not always in ways that might be predicted. Specifically, where significant, some ‘problem behavior’ turns out not to be so problematic, whereas other behaviors appear to have a sharply negative impact on achievement outcomes. Substance use and criminal justice system involvement deter high achievement. We test some potential mediators to further understand this relationship. One of the more significant findings is that race and ethnicity are of great importance. Racial and ethnic minorities suffer significantly greater disadvantages in achievement outcomes when compared to white young adults. Even when white young adults engage in problem behaviors, they do not suffer the same level of disadvantage as do racial and ethnic minorities. Implications of the results are discussed.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

young (21), use (20), adult (18), behavior (17), achiev (17), racial (16), adolesc (15), measur (14), black (13), 2001 (13), result (13), ethnic (13), one (13), white (12), problem (12), signific (12), et (12), al (12), adulthood (11), wave (11), educ (11),
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Association:
Name: Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting
URL:
http://www.pacificsoc.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p707723_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Broman, Cliff. and Wright, Mellissa. "Race, adolescent problem behavior, and socioeconomic outcomes in young adulthood" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Marriott Downtown Waterfront, Portland, Oregon, Mar 27, 2014 <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p707723_index.html>

APA Citation:

Broman, C. and Wright, M. , 2014-03-27 "Race, adolescent problem behavior, and socioeconomic outcomes in young adulthood" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Marriott Downtown Waterfront, Portland, Oregon Online <PDF>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p707723_index.html

Publication Type: Formal research paper presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study investigates how problem behavior in adolescence contributes to socioeconomic outcomes in young adulthood across race and ethnicity. Problem behavior refers to substance use, delinquency and criminal justice system involvement. Several studies have investigated whether problem behavior alters the life course in ways that are detrimental to young adult achievement, but there are some inconsistent findings. Further, this relationship has not been systematically explored across race and ethnicity. We use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to investigate this issue. Results show that problem behavior in adolescence is significantly related to achievement outcomes by young adulthood, though not always in ways that might be predicted. Specifically, where significant, some ‘problem behavior’ turns out not to be so problematic, whereas other behaviors appear to have a sharply negative impact on achievement outcomes. Substance use and criminal justice system involvement deter high achievement. We test some potential mediators to further understand this relationship. One of the more significant findings is that race and ethnicity are of great importance. Racial and ethnic minorities suffer significantly greater disadvantages in achievement outcomes when compared to white young adults. Even when white young adults engage in problem behaviors, they do not suffer the same level of disadvantage as do racial and ethnic minorities. Implications of the results are discussed.


Similar Titles:
Race-ethnicity, Gender, and Health Behavior Engagement between Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood

Why Do Black Youth Use Drugs Less than White Youth during Adolescence and Young Adulthood?

Pathways from Child Maltreatment to Alcohol Use in Middle Adulthood: The Role of Adolescent and Young Adult Problem Behaviors and Neighborhood Characteristics


 
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