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Explaining Drug Arrests across Space and by Race: The Underexplored Role of Police Agencies

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Abstract:

Most research that explores determinants of drug arrests across space and by race investigates associations between structural conditions and drug arrests, as well as associations between racial threat indicators and drug arrests. Notably missing from this research are the impacts that police organizations have on producing variations in drug arrest rates across space and by race. This omission is crucial, as law enforcement agencies act as the intermediary between legislative policy and frontline officers who implement policy and make arrests, and therefore serve a unique position managing social control. It is the goal of this research to shed new light on the role police agencies have in contributing to variations in drug arrest rates across space and by race. To this end, I am in the data analysis stage of a quantitative study set to answer the following research questions: Net the effects of structural determinants of drug arrests rates, (1) how does greater police officer diversity impact race-specific drug arrests; (2) how do resources dedicated to drug law enforcement, as indicated by the relative number of drug unit personnel to the population served, impact race-specific drug arrests; (3) how do incentive structures within police agencies to punitively enforce drug laws, as indicated by the amount of revenue produced by agencies via drug asset forfeiture, impact race-specific drug arrests; and (4) how do bureaucratic conditions, namely conditions of structural control and structural complexity, impact race-specific drug arrest rates?
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Association:
Name: Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting
URL:
http://www.pacificsoc.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p708003_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Davaran, Ardavan. "Explaining Drug Arrests across Space and by Race: The Underexplored Role of Police Agencies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Marriott Downtown Waterfront, Portland, Oregon, Mar 27, 2014 <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p708003_index.html>

APA Citation:

Davaran, A. D. , 2014-03-27 "Explaining Drug Arrests across Space and by Race: The Underexplored Role of Police Agencies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Pacific Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Marriott Downtown Waterfront, Portland, Oregon <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p708003_index.html

Publication Type: Research-in-progress presentation
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Most research that explores determinants of drug arrests across space and by race investigates associations between structural conditions and drug arrests, as well as associations between racial threat indicators and drug arrests. Notably missing from this research are the impacts that police organizations have on producing variations in drug arrest rates across space and by race. This omission is crucial, as law enforcement agencies act as the intermediary between legislative policy and frontline officers who implement policy and make arrests, and therefore serve a unique position managing social control. It is the goal of this research to shed new light on the role police agencies have in contributing to variations in drug arrest rates across space and by race. To this end, I am in the data analysis stage of a quantitative study set to answer the following research questions: Net the effects of structural determinants of drug arrests rates, (1) how does greater police officer diversity impact race-specific drug arrests; (2) how do resources dedicated to drug law enforcement, as indicated by the relative number of drug unit personnel to the population served, impact race-specific drug arrests; (3) how do incentive structures within police agencies to punitively enforce drug laws, as indicated by the amount of revenue produced by agencies via drug asset forfeiture, impact race-specific drug arrests; and (4) how do bureaucratic conditions, namely conditions of structural control and structural complexity, impact race-specific drug arrest rates?


Similar Titles:
The Probability and Length of Imprisonment in the U.S.: Assessing the Role of Gender and Race across Time and Space

Policing and Collective Efficacy: Do Perceptions of Police Effectiveness, Legitimacy and Police Strategies Explain Variations in Collective Efficacy Across Urban Neighborhoods?

Examining the Role of Political Factors and Police Leadership Change in Police Arrest Activity


 
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