Citation

Knowledge mobilization at the World Bank: A bibliometric analysis of World Bank publications on public-private partnerships in education

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Abstract:

NEW SCHOLARS PUBLICATION MENTORING WORKSHOP

I am currently a PhD student at OISE/UofT supervised by Karen Mundy. For the purpose of this seminar I am looking for feedback on the following paper:

Objectives and Significance

Since 1996 the World Bank (WB) has taken its role as a global education provider to a new level, serving as a “Knowledge Bank” (KB) for data, research findings, and best practices in policy design and implementation in development education. Using the framework of knowledge mobilization (KMb)(efforts to incorporate research into policy and practice), this study examines the KB through the bibliometric analysis of five WB publications on the theme of Public-Private Partnerships in Education (PPPE) in order to clarify the origins of the evidence used; and map the spread of this research through its online take-up by other organizations. This study addresses conflicting claims in the literature on the nature of the KB as global public good and a shift in the Bank’s development paradigm, versus, the KB as a tool used for the maintenance of the current neoliberal world order.

Conceptual Framework

This study draws from a number of reviews of factors that influence KMb in organizations across sectors. Specifically, my conceptual framework builds on Levin’s (2011) model of research impact showing research use as interaction between (1) research producing contexts, (2) research using contexts and (3) intermediaries, all influenced by the social context in which KMb is embedded.

Knowledge production in international development involves important issues of power and vested interests; it is essentially a North / South, asymmetrical process where knowledge production is dominated by the Northern elite while the context of research use is among Southern policymakers and practitioners (Torres, 2001; Broad, 2006). With this in mind, one goal of this study is to analyze the transfer of knowledge from the North to the South which has consistently been pointed to as a critical flaw in the development process (Evers, Kaiser, & Muller, 2009).

Research Design

This study utilized bibliometric methods, taking a primarily quantitative perspective in order to map the production and spread of WB knowledge on the issue of PPPE. The study sample consisted of five WB publications on the topic of PPPE.
The research was divided into three phases. The first phase used the combined 512 references included the study sample to clarify the context of research production. Specifically this phase addressed 1) Quality of Research, measured by types of publications cited; 2) Organizational/Geographical Affiliation of Authors, measured by most recent organizational/geographical affiliation of each first author as well as where they received their highest degree; 3) Geographical Affiliation of Citation, measured by geographical location mentioned in the title of each citation; and 4) The Organizational Affiliation of Citation, measured by the publisher of each citation. The second phase addressed claims made against the WB as a mediator of research by measuring frequency titles, authors, and publishers cited across the study sample. The final phase addressed the context of research use by tracking citations and versions of the five publications used in the study sample through Google Scholar.

Results

The vast majority of citations examined in this study were found to have been produced by researchers who received their highest degree from a university located in the Global North and remain affiliated with organizations located in the developed world. Slightly more than a third of all publications cited were affiliated with the WB itself, either through the author or publisher. However, the findings of this study suggest the Bank refers to evidence on PPPE from around the world, of which only a relatively small proportion focuses on the experience of the developed world. On top of this, the Bank should be recognized for the wide variety of publications it cites (including a mix of both academic as well as grey literature), as opposed to simply citing the same studies across multiple publications.

The findings from this study suggest the publications examined had quite a small online impact with a total of 29 citations of the sample publications and 25 alternative versions posted elsewhere online. More significantly, most of those individuals or organizations cited or posted an alternative version of the sample publications were located in the developed world; mainly in the United States. These findings further enforce the criticism that the Knowledge Bank acts as a tool of paradigm maintenance which supports the perpetuation of a hierarchical knowledge gap.

Author's Keywords:

Knowledge Mobilization
Convention
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Association:
Name: Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference
URL:
http://www.cies.us


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MLA Citation:

Read, Robyn. "Knowledge mobilization at the World Bank: A bibliometric analysis of World Bank publications on public-private partnerships in education" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mar 10, 2014 <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p709763_index.html>

APA Citation:

Read, R. , 2014-03-10 "Knowledge mobilization at the World Bank: A bibliometric analysis of World Bank publications on public-private partnerships in education" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p709763_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: NEW SCHOLARS PUBLICATION MENTORING WORKSHOP

I am currently a PhD student at OISE/UofT supervised by Karen Mundy. For the purpose of this seminar I am looking for feedback on the following paper:

Objectives and Significance

Since 1996 the World Bank (WB) has taken its role as a global education provider to a new level, serving as a “Knowledge Bank” (KB) for data, research findings, and best practices in policy design and implementation in development education. Using the framework of knowledge mobilization (KMb)(efforts to incorporate research into policy and practice), this study examines the KB through the bibliometric analysis of five WB publications on the theme of Public-Private Partnerships in Education (PPPE) in order to clarify the origins of the evidence used; and map the spread of this research through its online take-up by other organizations. This study addresses conflicting claims in the literature on the nature of the KB as global public good and a shift in the Bank’s development paradigm, versus, the KB as a tool used for the maintenance of the current neoliberal world order.

Conceptual Framework

This study draws from a number of reviews of factors that influence KMb in organizations across sectors. Specifically, my conceptual framework builds on Levin’s (2011) model of research impact showing research use as interaction between (1) research producing contexts, (2) research using contexts and (3) intermediaries, all influenced by the social context in which KMb is embedded.

Knowledge production in international development involves important issues of power and vested interests; it is essentially a North / South, asymmetrical process where knowledge production is dominated by the Northern elite while the context of research use is among Southern policymakers and practitioners (Torres, 2001; Broad, 2006). With this in mind, one goal of this study is to analyze the transfer of knowledge from the North to the South which has consistently been pointed to as a critical flaw in the development process (Evers, Kaiser, & Muller, 2009).

Research Design

This study utilized bibliometric methods, taking a primarily quantitative perspective in order to map the production and spread of WB knowledge on the issue of PPPE. The study sample consisted of five WB publications on the topic of PPPE.
The research was divided into three phases. The first phase used the combined 512 references included the study sample to clarify the context of research production. Specifically this phase addressed 1) Quality of Research, measured by types of publications cited; 2) Organizational/Geographical Affiliation of Authors, measured by most recent organizational/geographical affiliation of each first author as well as where they received their highest degree; 3) Geographical Affiliation of Citation, measured by geographical location mentioned in the title of each citation; and 4) The Organizational Affiliation of Citation, measured by the publisher of each citation. The second phase addressed claims made against the WB as a mediator of research by measuring frequency titles, authors, and publishers cited across the study sample. The final phase addressed the context of research use by tracking citations and versions of the five publications used in the study sample through Google Scholar.

Results

The vast majority of citations examined in this study were found to have been produced by researchers who received their highest degree from a university located in the Global North and remain affiliated with organizations located in the developed world. Slightly more than a third of all publications cited were affiliated with the WB itself, either through the author or publisher. However, the findings of this study suggest the Bank refers to evidence on PPPE from around the world, of which only a relatively small proportion focuses on the experience of the developed world. On top of this, the Bank should be recognized for the wide variety of publications it cites (including a mix of both academic as well as grey literature), as opposed to simply citing the same studies across multiple publications.

The findings from this study suggest the publications examined had quite a small online impact with a total of 29 citations of the sample publications and 25 alternative versions posted elsewhere online. More significantly, most of those individuals or organizations cited or posted an alternative version of the sample publications were located in the developed world; mainly in the United States. These findings further enforce the criticism that the Knowledge Bank acts as a tool of paradigm maintenance which supports the perpetuation of a hierarchical knowledge gap.


Similar Titles:
Testing the Knowledge Bank: An examination of the World Bank’s knowledge mobilization efforts around public-private partnerships in education

Public-Private Partnerships and new privatization trends in the global governance of education: A multi-level analysis of their dissemination and policy implications

Public Private Partnerships at the World Bank: Extending the Logic of the Market into Public Spaces


 
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