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Youth in transition

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Abstract:

Youth unemployment, and the lack of training opportunities, has become a worldwide problem. For young people, the transition between education and employment is not always a straightforward path, moving seamlessly from school or university to their first job. In fact this transition is very diverse. Those youth who face challenges or who are unsuccessful in the transition between schooling and securing their livelihoods can find themselves excluded in society. Boys make up a significant proportion of these youth faring relatively poorly, with respect to enrolment, attainment, and completion; a visible trend in high-income countries since the 1990s, but now an increasing trend also in some middle-income and even low-income countries. As Bauman (2004, p.40) warns these youth can “become superfluous, unnecessary, unneeded and unwanted, and their reactions, off the mark or absent, render the censure a self-fulfilling prophecy”. According to Eurostat (2013), in 2011 there were 7.5 million young people aged 15-24 and an additional 6.5 million young people aged 25-29 were excluded from the labor market and education in Europe. The high percentage of youth, with global figures showing that 90% live in developing economies, pose an added challenge to this state of affairs (ILO, 2010). In South Africa, for example, out of a total of 10.1 million people in the 15-24 age cohort, 32.7 percent were neither employed, nor attending an educational institution (Cloete & Butler-Adam, 2012). Accordingly, these are “excluded youth”. Against this background the emphasis of this paper will be on the experiences of excluded youth (boys in particular) as they navigate their way between education and livelihood possibilities.

Bauman, Z. (2004). Wasted Lives: Modernity and its Outcasts. Cambridge: Polity.

Cloete, N. and Butler-Adams, J. (2012). Introduction. In H. Perold, N. Cloete and J. Papier (eds.), Shaping the Future of South Africa’s Youth: Rethinking Post-School Education and Skills Training, pp. 1-6. Cape Town: African Minds.

Eurostats. (2013). Young People in the EU: The Measurement of Youth Unemployment – An Overview of the Key Concepts. STAT/13/107. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_STAT-13-107_en.htm

International Labour Office (ILO). (2010). Global Employment Trends for Youth: Special Issue on the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on Youth. Geneva: International Labour Office.
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Name: Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference
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MLA Citation:

Holmarsdottir, Halla. "Youth in transition" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717136_index.html>

APA Citation:

Holmarsdottir, H. B. "Youth in transition" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717136_index.html

Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Youth unemployment, and the lack of training opportunities, has become a worldwide problem. For young people, the transition between education and employment is not always a straightforward path, moving seamlessly from school or university to their first job. In fact this transition is very diverse. Those youth who face challenges or who are unsuccessful in the transition between schooling and securing their livelihoods can find themselves excluded in society. Boys make up a significant proportion of these youth faring relatively poorly, with respect to enrolment, attainment, and completion; a visible trend in high-income countries since the 1990s, but now an increasing trend also in some middle-income and even low-income countries. As Bauman (2004, p.40) warns these youth can “become superfluous, unnecessary, unneeded and unwanted, and their reactions, off the mark or absent, render the censure a self-fulfilling prophecy”. According to Eurostat (2013), in 2011 there were 7.5 million young people aged 15-24 and an additional 6.5 million young people aged 25-29 were excluded from the labor market and education in Europe. The high percentage of youth, with global figures showing that 90% live in developing economies, pose an added challenge to this state of affairs (ILO, 2010). In South Africa, for example, out of a total of 10.1 million people in the 15-24 age cohort, 32.7 percent were neither employed, nor attending an educational institution (Cloete & Butler-Adam, 2012). Accordingly, these are “excluded youth”. Against this background the emphasis of this paper will be on the experiences of excluded youth (boys in particular) as they navigate their way between education and livelihood possibilities.

Bauman, Z. (2004). Wasted Lives: Modernity and its Outcasts. Cambridge: Polity.

Cloete, N. and Butler-Adams, J. (2012). Introduction. In H. Perold, N. Cloete and J. Papier (eds.), Shaping the Future of South Africa’s Youth: Rethinking Post-School Education and Skills Training, pp. 1-6. Cape Town: African Minds.

Eurostats. (2013). Young People in the EU: The Measurement of Youth Unemployment – An Overview of the Key Concepts. STAT/13/107. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_STAT-13-107_en.htm

International Labour Office (ILO). (2010). Global Employment Trends for Youth: Special Issue on the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on Youth. Geneva: International Labour Office.


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