Citation

Knowledge Matters: The Service Mission of Chinese Higher Education Institutions in a Global Era

Abstract | Word Stems | Keywords | Association | Citation | Similar Titles



Abstract:

Objectives or Purposes of the Paper:
This paper examines the growing service mission of Chinese HEIs at both the global and local levels, and attempt to answer the following: (1) How can the service mission of university be better integrated with the other more traditional missions—research and learning? (2) What are the routes and values of the service function for different types of HEIs? Drawing on policy and practice related to service mission in Chinese HEIs, we aim at generating the inner logic of university service missions theoretically and provide suggestions for other countries empirically.
Thesis Statement:
There has been a long lasting debate on whether university should pursue knowledge for its own sake or for society. Brubache proposed two roots on the philosophy of higher education, that is, epistemology and pragmatism (Brubache, 1982). However, it is inevitable that pragmatism won epistemology. The proclamation of Morrill Act in 1862 provided a legal basis for university community engagement and more importantly, contributed to the famous Wisconsin idea, symbolizing the formal recognition of the third mission of university. During the past fifteen years, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in China have expanded at a globally unprecedented rate, which have effect on the philosophy and practice of universities’ third mission. Thus, it is rather critical to analyze the service mission of Chinese HEIs in a global era.
Perspective or Theoretical/Conceptual Framework:
Our theoretical framework builds on Parsons’ theories to generate the inner logic of service mission of HEIs at both the global and local levels. According to Parsons’ structural functionalism theory, society has its own structure with specific function, so social structure is an organized system (Parsons, 1968). As a part of the social system, Higher education institution has its own special function in the society. In this paper we propose a conceptual framework to examine how service mission can be better integrated with HEIs’ research and teaching roles, that is, HEI is an academic organization based on the diffusion of knowledge as nexus. Furthermore, it is important to take different types of HEIs as an integrative system when we analyze the function of higher education, because research universities, local universities and higher vocational universities play their own special roles in the implementation of the third mission of higher education.
Modes of Inquiry, Methods and Data Source
We employ the research method of content analysis to examine relevant national policies, universities’ mission statements, and academic discourses at Ministry of Education and different types of HEIs. This paper is mainly based on empirical data from websites of the institutions encapsulating institutional announcement, news, reports and policy papers. Website is becoming an increasing important tool for organization to communicate with external audiences in order to disseminate information and construct its social image. The data available from institutional websites were interpreted as ‘value-oriented texts’ (Walton, 2005).
Key Findings and Conclusions:
We conclude that the service mission of HEIs in China is implemented through research and teaching, with knowledge as the nexus. As different HEIs deal with different levels and types of knowledge, the service function and goal to serve the society differ significantly among HEI. Moreover, as an intellectual community, a university can transmit knowledge to nearly every corner of society and foster the cultural atmosphere with knowledge as a hidden practice of service. It is significant that the discussion about university service missions went further than we could have imagined, even though we are in a globalized age and live in a knowledge-based society which exercises pressure on universities to engage with their service missions both globally and locally.
Significance of the Study to the Field of Comparative or International Education:
Although this paper deals with the Chinese case, the findings can be of interest to a broader audience at a time when HEIs in many countries are developing and exploring their social service functions. The study also goes beyond the Chinese case and discusses common challenges of university service mission worldwide. We propose that knowledge is an essential material when we compare higher education activities among different countries.

Author's Keywords:

Chinese Higher Education, Service mission, Community engagement, Knowledge, Teaching, Research
Convention
All Academic Convention makes running your annual conference simple and cost effective. It is your online solution for abstract management, peer review, and scheduling for your annual meeting or convention.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

Association:
Name: Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference
URL:
http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717522_index.html
Direct Link:
HTML Code:

MLA Citation:

Wang, Dongfang. "Knowledge Matters: The Service Mission of Chinese Higher Education Institutions in a Global Era" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mar 10, 2014 <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717522_index.html>

APA Citation:

Wang, D. , 2014-03-10 "Knowledge Matters: The Service Mission of Chinese Higher Education Institutions in a Global Era" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717522_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Objectives or Purposes of the Paper:
This paper examines the growing service mission of Chinese HEIs at both the global and local levels, and attempt to answer the following: (1) How can the service mission of university be better integrated with the other more traditional missions—research and learning? (2) What are the routes and values of the service function for different types of HEIs? Drawing on policy and practice related to service mission in Chinese HEIs, we aim at generating the inner logic of university service missions theoretically and provide suggestions for other countries empirically.
Thesis Statement:
There has been a long lasting debate on whether university should pursue knowledge for its own sake or for society. Brubache proposed two roots on the philosophy of higher education, that is, epistemology and pragmatism (Brubache, 1982). However, it is inevitable that pragmatism won epistemology. The proclamation of Morrill Act in 1862 provided a legal basis for university community engagement and more importantly, contributed to the famous Wisconsin idea, symbolizing the formal recognition of the third mission of university. During the past fifteen years, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in China have expanded at a globally unprecedented rate, which have effect on the philosophy and practice of universities’ third mission. Thus, it is rather critical to analyze the service mission of Chinese HEIs in a global era.
Perspective or Theoretical/Conceptual Framework:
Our theoretical framework builds on Parsons’ theories to generate the inner logic of service mission of HEIs at both the global and local levels. According to Parsons’ structural functionalism theory, society has its own structure with specific function, so social structure is an organized system (Parsons, 1968). As a part of the social system, Higher education institution has its own special function in the society. In this paper we propose a conceptual framework to examine how service mission can be better integrated with HEIs’ research and teaching roles, that is, HEI is an academic organization based on the diffusion of knowledge as nexus. Furthermore, it is important to take different types of HEIs as an integrative system when we analyze the function of higher education, because research universities, local universities and higher vocational universities play their own special roles in the implementation of the third mission of higher education.
Modes of Inquiry, Methods and Data Source
We employ the research method of content analysis to examine relevant national policies, universities’ mission statements, and academic discourses at Ministry of Education and different types of HEIs. This paper is mainly based on empirical data from websites of the institutions encapsulating institutional announcement, news, reports and policy papers. Website is becoming an increasing important tool for organization to communicate with external audiences in order to disseminate information and construct its social image. The data available from institutional websites were interpreted as ‘value-oriented texts’ (Walton, 2005).
Key Findings and Conclusions:
We conclude that the service mission of HEIs in China is implemented through research and teaching, with knowledge as the nexus. As different HEIs deal with different levels and types of knowledge, the service function and goal to serve the society differ significantly among HEI. Moreover, as an intellectual community, a university can transmit knowledge to nearly every corner of society and foster the cultural atmosphere with knowledge as a hidden practice of service. It is significant that the discussion about university service missions went further than we could have imagined, even though we are in a globalized age and live in a knowledge-based society which exercises pressure on universities to engage with their service missions both globally and locally.
Significance of the Study to the Field of Comparative or International Education:
Although this paper deals with the Chinese case, the findings can be of interest to a broader audience at a time when HEIs in many countries are developing and exploring their social service functions. The study also goes beyond the Chinese case and discusses common challenges of university service mission worldwide. We propose that knowledge is an essential material when we compare higher education activities among different countries.


Similar Titles:
Can an institution of higher education gain the necessary capabilities to educate students for global citizenship?

Study Abroad, Global Knowledge and the Epistemic Communities of Higher Education

Evaluation Systems in Education and their Impact on the Teaching Mission of Higher Education Institutions: The Case of Brazil


 
All Academic, Inc. is your premier source for research and conference management. Visit our website, www.allacademic.com, to see how we can help you today.