Citation

Impact of schools’ facilities on students’ learning levels – evidences from Pakistan

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Abstract:

Abstract:

School facilities directly affect the learning achievements of students and the impact is simply measureable too. While trained and qualified teaching staff at school determines student achievement, other school facilities, such as boundary wall, proper class-rooms, white/black-board, useable drinking water, toilet, playground, and availability of textbook, have indisputable impact on children’s learning levels. On the one hand these facilities at a school help provide proper learning environment to the enrolled children i.e. directly impacting their learning levels, on a broader level, it have an in-direct effect: school fully equipped with basic facilities, as mentioned above, in itself become a source of attraction for trained teachers and improves their attendance and retention rates significantly that eventually results in improved students’ achievement. Further, provision of basic facilities, such as useable toilet and drinking water, also play a vital role in improved students’ health, and hence lowering student absenteeism that also bolster their performance.
This paper uses a wide range of literature and evidences from similar researches done before. The paper rely, for primary data regarding school facilities, children’s learning levels, and student/teachers’ attendance, on a large scale survey, Annual Status of Education Report (www.aserpakistan.org), that has been carried out in all 146 rural districts across Pakistan. While direct impact of school facilities is assessed comparing students’ learning levels w.r.t school facilities, the in-direct impact is evident when difference in “sanctioned posts for teachers and actually appointed” is calculated. This is used as a proxy for “teachers’ attraction” towards a school and assessed for the difference in school facilities. Another proxy, difference in the “number of teachers that are appointed in a particular school and those present on a certain date” further strengthen the claim on the in-direct impact. The paper also uses a third proxy value, difference in “enrolled students and those present”, to gauge if school facilities play any role towards students’ health, keeping them motivated to attend school regularly.
The paper argues that provision of basic facilities at school have a positive impact on children’s achievement and also plays a vital role in keeping the teachers and students motivated, hence lowering the cases of absenteeism.

Author's Keywords:

school facilities, learning achievements
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Association:
Name: Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference
URL:
http://www.cies.us


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717796_index.html
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MLA Citation:

khizar, saheem. and Jabbar, Safyan. "Impact of schools’ facilities on students’ learning levels – evidences from Pakistan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mar 10, 2014 <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717796_index.html>

APA Citation:

khizar, s. and Jabbar, S. , 2014-03-10 "Impact of schools’ facilities on students’ learning levels – evidences from Pakistan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717796_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Abstract:

School facilities directly affect the learning achievements of students and the impact is simply measureable too. While trained and qualified teaching staff at school determines student achievement, other school facilities, such as boundary wall, proper class-rooms, white/black-board, useable drinking water, toilet, playground, and availability of textbook, have indisputable impact on children’s learning levels. On the one hand these facilities at a school help provide proper learning environment to the enrolled children i.e. directly impacting their learning levels, on a broader level, it have an in-direct effect: school fully equipped with basic facilities, as mentioned above, in itself become a source of attraction for trained teachers and improves their attendance and retention rates significantly that eventually results in improved students’ achievement. Further, provision of basic facilities, such as useable toilet and drinking water, also play a vital role in improved students’ health, and hence lowering student absenteeism that also bolster their performance.
This paper uses a wide range of literature and evidences from similar researches done before. The paper rely, for primary data regarding school facilities, children’s learning levels, and student/teachers’ attendance, on a large scale survey, Annual Status of Education Report (www.aserpakistan.org), that has been carried out in all 146 rural districts across Pakistan. While direct impact of school facilities is assessed comparing students’ learning levels w.r.t school facilities, the in-direct impact is evident when difference in “sanctioned posts for teachers and actually appointed” is calculated. This is used as a proxy for “teachers’ attraction” towards a school and assessed for the difference in school facilities. Another proxy, difference in the “number of teachers that are appointed in a particular school and those present on a certain date” further strengthen the claim on the in-direct impact. The paper also uses a third proxy value, difference in “enrolled students and those present”, to gauge if school facilities play any role towards students’ health, keeping them motivated to attend school regularly.
The paper argues that provision of basic facilities at school have a positive impact on children’s achievement and also plays a vital role in keeping the teachers and students motivated, hence lowering the cases of absenteeism.


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A Culture of Evidence: Teacher Work Sample and Its Impact on P-12 Student Learning

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