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HIV/AIDS in the United States and the United Kingdom: Similar Social Challenges, Different Government Responses

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Abstract:

The United States and the United Kingdom have grappled with HIV/AIDS for over three decades. Policy makers have been confronted with immense and evolving needs: to care for patients and pay for expensive treatments; to prevent new infections among varied social groups; and to conduct research on the spread, course, and treatment of HIV. Government responses to these challenges help determine who contracts HIV and who dies of AIDS, contributing as much to the realities of the epidemic as the virus itself and the development of medications to treat it. Yet the large-scale history of national responses to HIV/AIDS has been largely neglected by social scientists. This presentation draws on over 200 original interviews with policy makers and over 20,000 news articles to document the national HIV/AIDS policy choices that have been made since 1990, extending histories that have previously been written only for the first period of HIV/AIDS forward to the present day. Focusing on broad approaches that unify national policy trajectories and specific policies in the areas of HIV/AIDS treatment, prevention, and research, this presentation demonstrates the critical role of health policy decisions in shaping both national epidemics and individual health outcomes. As this juxtaposition of U.S. and U.K. choices makes clear, comparative health research can help scholars articulate important new questions about the problem-solving capacities of various health systems, and envision new theoretical approaches to answering these questions.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

hiv (153), hiv/aids (119), aid (104), polici (102), health (101), new (87), prevent (75), nation (75), care (66), treatment (57), program (57), fund (53), public (49), u.s (46), year (46), interview (44), access (42), feder (42), epidem (38), servic (37), peopl (35),
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Association:
Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
URL:
http://www.asanet.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p723915_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Padamsee, Tasleem. "HIV/AIDS in the United States and the United Kingdom: Similar Social Challenges, Different Government Responses" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 15, 2014 <Not Available>. 2016-06-09 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p723915_index.html>

APA Citation:

Padamsee, T. J. , 2014-08-15 "HIV/AIDS in the United States and the United Kingdom: Similar Social Challenges, Different Government Responses" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA Online <PDF>. 2016-06-09 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p723915_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The United States and the United Kingdom have grappled with HIV/AIDS for over three decades. Policy makers have been confronted with immense and evolving needs: to care for patients and pay for expensive treatments; to prevent new infections among varied social groups; and to conduct research on the spread, course, and treatment of HIV. Government responses to these challenges help determine who contracts HIV and who dies of AIDS, contributing as much to the realities of the epidemic as the virus itself and the development of medications to treat it. Yet the large-scale history of national responses to HIV/AIDS has been largely neglected by social scientists. This presentation draws on over 200 original interviews with policy makers and over 20,000 news articles to document the national HIV/AIDS policy choices that have been made since 1990, extending histories that have previously been written only for the first period of HIV/AIDS forward to the present day. Focusing on broad approaches that unify national policy trajectories and specific policies in the areas of HIV/AIDS treatment, prevention, and research, this presentation demonstrates the critical role of health policy decisions in shaping both national epidemics and individual health outcomes. As this juxtaposition of U.S. and U.K. choices makes clear, comparative health research can help scholars articulate important new questions about the problem-solving capacities of various health systems, and envision new theoretical approaches to answering these questions.


Similar Titles:
Multi-Level Governance and Health Care: Health Policy in Five Federations

‘In the interest of the public health’: Public health policy and medical care in early modern Spanish hospitals


 
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