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Daughters and Sons for Sale? The Blurred Boundary between Intercountry Adoption and Sale of Children

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Abstract:

According to international policy standards (UN conventions, Hague convention), sale of children is a social practice that is a specific threat to the legitimacy of intercountry adoption (hereafter ICA) and to the best interests of children. However, the conceptual and practical distinction between legitimate ICAs and illegitimate sale of children has received little attention by scholars, and is left vague in policy. To explore the important social, legal and ethical issues surrounding the possible conflation of ICA as practiced in the USA with sale of children, we present a critical analysis of policy, cross-disciplinary research literature on ICA, and a preliminary analysis of data collected about cost information for ICAs from a random sample of US agencies that facilitate ICAs. From these analyses, we conclude that blurred boundaries exist between ICA practices in the USA and sale of children. The high costs and lack of transparency associated with ICAs into the USA have many implications for the legal and ethical standing of ICA practices in the USA vis-à-vis international policy standards, and for the best interests of children and families.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

adopt (160), ica (158), children (135), agenc (100), cost (88), sale (88), countri (57), intercountri (49), famili (48), fee (45), child (44), intern (39), inform (35), practic (35), research (32), polici (31), usa (30), list (30), convent (29), includ (28), blur (27),
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Association:
Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.asanet.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p724730_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Shura, Robin. and Rochford, Elle. "Daughters and Sons for Sale? The Blurred Boundary between Intercountry Adoption and Sale of Children" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 15, 2014 <Not Available>. 2016-06-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p724730_index.html>

APA Citation:

Shura, R. and Rochford, E. , 2014-08-15 "Daughters and Sons for Sale? The Blurred Boundary between Intercountry Adoption and Sale of Children" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2016-06-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p724730_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: According to international policy standards (UN conventions, Hague convention), sale of children is a social practice that is a specific threat to the legitimacy of intercountry adoption (hereafter ICA) and to the best interests of children. However, the conceptual and practical distinction between legitimate ICAs and illegitimate sale of children has received little attention by scholars, and is left vague in policy. To explore the important social, legal and ethical issues surrounding the possible conflation of ICA as practiced in the USA with sale of children, we present a critical analysis of policy, cross-disciplinary research literature on ICA, and a preliminary analysis of data collected about cost information for ICAs from a random sample of US agencies that facilitate ICAs. From these analyses, we conclude that blurred boundaries exist between ICA practices in the USA and sale of children. The high costs and lack of transparency associated with ICAs into the USA have many implications for the legal and ethical standing of ICA practices in the USA vis-à-vis international policy standards, and for the best interests of children and families.


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