Citation

Political Polarization and Bringing Social Groups Back In: Attitude Structures, Temporal Dynamics, and Political Implications

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Abstract:

Research on political polarization in the U.S. has sharply increased over the past decade, reflecting concerns over government gridlock and political conflict. This growing research effort has defined polarization largely in terms of partisanship, with social group cleavages viewed as the “base” of party coalitions or as contributors to issue polarization. I shift the focus to polarization in attitudes about social groups themselves. I explore the dynamics of social group polarization by analyzing trends in three attitudes related to social groups that prior research in political psychology has identified as politically potent: affect toward individuals’ own social in-groups and their in-group’s counterpart out-groups across group cleavages; feelings of group closeness, often used as an indicator of group identity, and stereotypes about social group characteristics (e.g., lazy vs. hard-working). Using ANES and GSS times series and panel data, I assess polarization on the social cleavages of race, gender, class, age, and religion among social groups in the U.S. in four ways: the current levels of polarization, recent trends in polarization going back as far as 1964, the interrelationships among the three types of attitudes; and the extent to which social group polarization may foster the partisan and ideological divisions that have been extensively studied to date. The analysis will broaden the discourse on polarization beyond the narrow focus on partisanship, and will enhance our understanding of the depth and breadth of group polarization and the dynamics of change among its different facets.

Author's Keywords:

polarization, social groups, affect, stereotyping, group identification
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Association:
Name: Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology
URL:
http://ispp.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p730694_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Muste, Christopher. "Political Polarization and Bringing Social Groups Back In: Attitude Structures, Temporal Dynamics, and Political Implications" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Ergife Palace Hotel, Rome, Italy, Jul 04, 2014 <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p730694_index.html>

APA Citation:

Muste, C. , 2014-07-04 "Political Polarization and Bringing Social Groups Back In: Attitude Structures, Temporal Dynamics, and Political Implications" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Ergife Palace Hotel, Rome, Italy <Not Available>. 2014-12-10 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p730694_index.html

Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Research on political polarization in the U.S. has sharply increased over the past decade, reflecting concerns over government gridlock and political conflict. This growing research effort has defined polarization largely in terms of partisanship, with social group cleavages viewed as the “base” of party coalitions or as contributors to issue polarization. I shift the focus to polarization in attitudes about social groups themselves. I explore the dynamics of social group polarization by analyzing trends in three attitudes related to social groups that prior research in political psychology has identified as politically potent: affect toward individuals’ own social in-groups and their in-group’s counterpart out-groups across group cleavages; feelings of group closeness, often used as an indicator of group identity, and stereotypes about social group characteristics (e.g., lazy vs. hard-working). Using ANES and GSS times series and panel data, I assess polarization on the social cleavages of race, gender, class, age, and religion among social groups in the U.S. in four ways: the current levels of polarization, recent trends in polarization going back as far as 1964, the interrelationships among the three types of attitudes; and the extent to which social group polarization may foster the partisan and ideological divisions that have been extensively studied to date. The analysis will broaden the discourse on polarization beyond the narrow focus on partisanship, and will enhance our understanding of the depth and breadth of group polarization and the dynamics of change among its different facets.


Similar Titles:
Social Dominance Orientation: Revisiting the Structure and Function of a Variable Predicting Social and Political Attitudes

Social Group Polarization in the U.S.: Attitude Trends and Structure

Marketization of the Social: Socio-Political Attitudes and Social-Structural Implications


 
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