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2012 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 115 words || 
1. Randol, Blake. "A Longitudinal Analysis of the Adoption of Crime Analysis and Information Technologies in Local Police Departments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Nov 13, 2012 <Not Available>. 2020-01-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There is great “bureaucratic enthusiasm” for the adoption of crime analysis and information technologies in local law enforcement agencies to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of police operations, and there is a general consensus in the extant literature that this technological trend in policing is growing. This study uses a panel of data compiled from the 1997, 2000, 2003, and 2007 Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics surveys, to test two competing perspectives of organizational innovation and change, contingency theory and institutional theory. Contingency theory predicts that the external environment is the principal driving force behind organizational change, whereas institutional theory predicts that police functions and organizational change are largely independent of the external environment.

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