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2011 - 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 245 words || 
1. Scarantino, Josef. "A comparison of educational development in North and South Nigeria: Implications of gender disparity" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Apr 30, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-09-24 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The Federal Republic of Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, has a deeply complex political, religious, and ethnic makeup. Yet, while Nigeria ranks third in Africa in terms of overall GDP, it doesn’t bode so well in education, placing 33rd in all of sub-Saharan Africa. Within Nigeria, the country’s geo-political boundaries are sharply divided between North and South states with an acute amount of gender disparity in girls’ educational development in these regions.

The presentation will examine perceptions of the North and South of the “opportunity cost” of male versus female education and the various cultural factors that play into those perceptions. The conclusion will discuss the effects these perceptions have on the country as a whole, both economically and democratically, and the opportunities that lie ahead for greater educational inclusion for girls in Nigeria.

Historically, the North of Nigeria has fallen decades behind the South and the effects of this educational disparity have far-reaching economic and democratic implications. The theoretical framework for this research is built on the premise that gender disparity in the educational development of girls in Nigeria has a grossly negative effect on their freedoms and the economic health of the country. The methodology is based on both quantitative and qualitative research including school and community surveys, regional as well as local studies, country reports, dissertations, and other rich sources of information. The findings are examined historically over the past ten years with an emphasis on the political and economic outcomes and future implications.

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