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2011 - 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 190 words || 
1. Zuilkowski, Stephanie. and Jukes, Matthew. "Early childhood malaria prevention and children’s patterns of school leaving in the Gambia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-09-18 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Malaria is one of the most pervasive and deadly diseases facing young children in developing countries. In this study, we use data from a 2001 follow-up of a 1985-1987 malaria-prevention program in the Gambia to investigate the long-term educational effects of preventing malaria in early childhood. We find that preventive malaria treatment in early childhood has a positive impact on children’s patterns of school leaving, particularly for those attending government schools. Controlling for socioeconomic status, gender, post-trial mass treatment, and clustering by village, treatment group members had lower risk of leaving school after any given grade than control group members attending the same type of school. The analyses also revealed a complex interaction between treatment and school type; the reduction in risk was smaller and not statistically significant for children attending madrassas, as compared to government school attendees. In areas where malaria is endemic, malaria prevention in early childhood may therefore be an effective way to extend children’s persistence in school. While bimonthly preventive drug treatment is no longer recommended due to concerns about growing drug resistance, these findings can be taken as support of early-childhood malaria-prevention efforts in general.

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