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2004 - International Communication Association Pages: 44 pages || Words: 15081 words || 
1. Gross, Kimberly. and Goldman, Seth. "Framing Hate: A Comparison of Media Coverage of Anti-Gay Hate Crime in the Washington Post, New York Times and Washington Blade" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New Orleans Sheraton, New Orleans, LA, May 27, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2020-02-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper is part of a larger project in which we explore the nature and consequences of media coverage of hate crime. Here we present the results of the first part of the project, an analysis of media coverage of hate crime from 1990 to 2000. We analyze coverage of hate crime in the Washington Post and New York Times to begin to understand the information that is available to readers of mainstream news. Specifically, we examine the frames and causal attributions offered for making sense of hate crime. As a point of comparison, we also analyze coverage in the Washington Blade, the gay newspaper in Washington DC, to understand how the gay community frames this issue. One test of whether mainstream media help their audience to see anti-gay hate crime as gays do is to see if they invoke the same frames as the gay press. We find that the gay press is much more likely to cover hate crime across the decade. Readers of the Washington Blade are much more likely to encounter articles dealing with hate crime than readers of either the Washington Post or New York Times. For the Mainstream papers, substantial coverage only comes with the 1998 murder of Matthew Shepard. On the other hand, the Post and Times do include many of the same frames invoked on behalf of hate crime legislation. The perspective of the gay community in this respect is present in mainstream coverage.

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