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2003 - International Communication Association Pages: 27 pages || Words: 11349 words || 
1. Woo, Jisuk. "Frontier Compliance: A Communication System Emerging in Cyberspace" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2019-10-16 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This article uses the metaphor of the new frontier to describe and understand cyberspace and the nature of control in cyberspace. By comparing the domain name dispute resolution system and the ways in which it was established and operated with the historical analysis of the Wild West, it attempts to describe the cyberspace governance as a particular kind of communication system that arises out of a particular kind of situation, which I characterize in this article as frontier conditions. The emergence and disappearance of the Wild West as the frontier and free land has great significance in American history. Cyberspace is yet another frontier, a new, unlimited space. As in the American West, people go into this new space and try to obtain domain space for their interests. And attempts for self-governance again contribute to the establishment of a new system that force people in cyberspace to comply. As a result of this new system of compliance, extreme commercialization of cyberspace is supported at the expense of interests of individuals, and the new frontier of cyberspace is ironically placed under the most centralized control. The myth of freedom and the romantic notion of self-regulation and self-governance do not seem to be so valid both in the West and in cyberspace. Evolving from the circumstances characterized by the frontier conditions defined in this article was rather a system of coercion and compliance.

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