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2011 - 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 201 words || 
1. Froumin, Isak. "Higher education in Russia: Incentives for real change?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: The paper is focused on changes in higher engineering education in Russia over the last decade. We assume that, as a result of technological and organizational changes in the markets young engineers are taught to work in, changes in education may be called for. The key change in the markets for engineers in Russia consists of the transition from planned to market economy, and thus the appearance of markets per se, and also in a shift away from a focus on the defense industry. To identify the possible changes and assess the current state of engineering education, we compare opinions of four target groups: university administrators, students, recent graduates, and employers.
The analysis of the changes is set in a framework of significant changes in the payoff to higher education graduates in Russia, pressures on the State to create world class institutions in order to increase State legitimacy, and pressures on the State to rationalize the finances of a very extensive and heterogeneous system. We model these changes and present interview questionnaire data to show which of these forces is key to shaping the net stage of reform. The research is in its final stages, so final results are not yet available.

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