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2010 - Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies Pages: unavailable || Words: 9326 words || 
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1. Busemeyer, Marius. and Trampusch, Christine. "Liberalization by Exhaustion: Transformative Change in the German Welfare and Vocational Training System" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p399756_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In this article we adopt a power distributional approach in analyzing institutional change in the German welfare and vocational training system. We identify significant transformative change. The article shows that the very nature of present change in these two core institutions of the German Model is a process of liberalization, shifting the division of labor between the state and the market in the provision of welfare and training and reducing the state's and employers' ability and willingness to support solidarity. We demonstrate that the main mechanism which triggers this process of liberalization is the exhaustion of traditional institutions. Exhaustion is defined as a mechanism of endogenous institutional change, comprising a negative feedback effect which is caused by the overextension of resources and accompanied by a transformation of the formerly symmetrical and consensual relationship between the state, employers, and unions into an asymmetrical and conflictual one. The article combines the method of process tracing with Mill's method of agreement and adopts in the analysis of institutional change a strictly empirically based perspective.

2011 - Eighteenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies Words: 169 words || 
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2. Busemeyer, Marius. and Trampusch, Christine. "Liberalization by Exhaustion: Transformative Change in the German Welfare State and Vocational Training System" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eighteenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Various University Venues, Barcelona, Spain, <Not Available>. 2019-09-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p484820_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In this paper, we adopt a power distributional approach in analyzing transformative institutional change in the German welfare and vocational training system. We demonstrate that the very nature of the current changes in these two core institutions of the German Model is a process of liberalization due to the exhaustion of traditional institutions. Exhaustion describes a mechanism of institutional change, whose direction is largely determined by endogenous developments and whose timing is related to exogenous factors. Thus, endogenous negative feedback effects caused by the overextension of resources lead to a transformation of the formerly symmetrical and consensual relationship between the state, employers and unions into an asymmetrical and conflictual one. Exogenous sources such as German unification play a role as catalyst and explain the timing of transformation. The article contributes to the analysis of institutional change and applies the method of process tracing. It also provides detailed case studies of the transformation of the German welfare state and vocational training system over the course of the last three decades.


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