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2010 - Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies Pages: unavailable || Words: 16589 words || 
1. Ireland, Patrick. "Migrant Homophobia and Its Political (Mis)Uses in Europe" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, Apr 15, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-25 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Beginning several decades ago and intensifying in recent years, deep social and economic changes across post-industrial countries have provoked and have been accompanied by a rise in identity-based demands and conflict along the lines of gender, race/ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, and the like. One fissure that has attracted attention from some journalists and concerned activists—but from relatively few scholars—results from the hostility exhibited by some migrants toward homosexuals and homosexuality. This paper will examine and compare the levels, causes, and political consequences of migrant homophobia in a set of critical European cases (Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands). Relevant data will be gathered from secondary research; content analysis of migrant, gay (i.e., LGBTQI), and European political party leaders’ positions and pronouncements; and opinion polls conducted by the European Values Study, Gallup and other organizations at the national and sub-national levels. Increasingly, tensions between gays and certain church- and mosque-going migrants have been amplified, stoked, and instrumentalized by conservative politicians interested in advancing an anti-immigration agenda. There are indications that opposition to policies that promote ethno-religious diversity has grown among European gay activists. More of them have been shifting in a liberal/libertarian direction. This development threatens to weaken progressive political coalitions at the local and perhaps even national levels

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