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2010 - Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies Pages: unavailable || Words: 11590 words || 
1. Dancygier, Rafaela. "Mobilizing against Citizenship: Voter and Party Responses to the Naturalization of Immigrants" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, Apr 15, 2010 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-04-25 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper investigates how voters and parties respond to and shape a key development taking place across advanced democracies: the naturalization of large numbers of immigrant residents. The paper first argues that the acquisition of citizenship by immigrants can generate opposition among native citizens and that this opposition – rather than the rejection of the inflows of migrants – enlarges the constituency of anti-immigrant parties. Drawing on a new dataset that is the first to include citizenship acquisitions, the paper next demonstrates that as the share of naturalized citizens increases, so does the vote share received by anti-immigrant parties in 18 European countries from the 1970s until today, controlling for a host of other variables. The paper then employs cross-country individual-level data to show that voters who are supportive of immigration but who may object to immigrant residents turning into fellow citizens are disproportionately likely to opt for anti-immigrant parties. It concludes by testing which institutional, political economy, and cultural variables lead voters to welcome immigrants but to reject immigrant citizens.

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