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2010 - American Psychology - Law Society Words: 100 words || 
1. Pezdek, Kathy. and Stolzenberg, Stacia. "Non-Stranger Identification: How Accurately Do Eyewitnesses Determine if a Person is Familiar?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-12-13 <>
Publication Type: Symposium Paper
Abstract: This study assessed how accurately people can recognize individuals they have casually seen before. 157 students in a small high school viewed yearbook pictures of (a) graduated students who were seniors when participants were freshman or (b) unfamiliar individuals, and responded whether each was familiar. Recognition accuracy was surprisingly low. The mean hit rate was .45. The mean false alarm rate was .28; 28% of unfamiliar individuals were misidentified as familiar. Further, the cross-race effect was not evidenced in these results. An eyewitnessÂ’s report that he can recognize a perpetrator because he has seen him before is of dubious reliability.

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