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2011 - 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 284 words || 
1. Kobayashi, Minori. "Parental involvement among transnational immigrant parents in the US: Japanese immigrant mothers’ perceptions of their children’s short-term schooling in Japan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 01, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Schooling is bounded by nation-state, but it can occur across borders. In this presentation, I will examine perspectives of Asian immigrant mothers residing in the United States who are engaged in transnational activities between their home country and the US. More specifically, I will look at how Japanese immigrant mothers spend summer in Japan with their US-born children, and at how their ideas regarding their children’s education are shaped. I will pay particular attention to their children’s short-term schooling in Japan since some mothers utilize difference in the length of summer vacation, and send their children to Japanese regular schools in June and July. While there are a large number of people living in the US as “immigrants”, they do not necessarily sever connections with their home countries: Researchers have studied their going-back-and-forth activities in the framework of transnationalism. Yet, little study has examined the interplay of the role of education and experiences of immigrant parents and their children with attention to while they are in the parents’ home countries in East Asia. With this study, I interviewed six mothers, who came to the US as adults. They all have at least one US-born school-aged child. I also had the opportunity to visit an elementary school in Japan with a mother while two children of hers attended for the summer. I found that the majority of the children had been in Japanese schools, but that, as they had grown older, they were experiencing difficulty adjusting to the educational environment there. I also discovered that the immigrant mothers’ views were largely shaped by their multiple identities (i.e., national, ethnic, social, cultural, linguistic identities) which each of the women negotiate in their lives in both countries.

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