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2011 - 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 250 words || 
1. Shields, James. "R. Freeman Butts: Mentor and comparative and international educational statesman" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 55th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Fairmont Le Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-09-24 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: When asked what my academic and professional field is, invariably I respond, “Comparative Japanese Educational Studies”. I possibly would even answer Educational Statesman or Gentleman Scholar in the R. Freeman Butts tradition.
R. Freeman Butts, or “Jay” Butts as he was called by friends and colleagues, was the William F. Russell Professor of Education and Director of International Studies. These titles inform us that although his teaching was mostly in the history and philosophy of education his primary mandate was [1[educational foundations; [2] international studies; to which could be added [3] framing educational policy issues around the paradoxical and contradictory goals of freedom with a strong emphasis on civic and community involvement; equality; and achievement defined humanistically as well as academically. Many of us who studied with Butts have gone on to transition his vision into our professional lives. For example, an important marker in my own career is an article I wrote for the October 1968 issue of The Teachers College Record, “Social Foundations of Education, The Problem of Relevance”, which led to a series of five articles in the December 1969 issue, built almost entirely on Butts’ oeuvre. This series in many ways led to the founding of the American Studies Association, which I was President in 1973-74.
It is only in retrospect that I became aware how much my doctoral dissertation and subsequent publications were shaped by Butts’ vision and thinking on how developing countries can work to become self-sustaining politically and educationally.

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