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2010 - 95th Annual Convention Words: 194 words || 
1. Fisher, Glen. "Sacrificing Self Reliance for Concessions: Revisiting the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 as an Empirical Example of Black Self-Help Compromised" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 95th Annual Convention, Raleigh Convention Center, Raleigh, North Carolina, Sep 29, 2010 <Not Available>. 2020-02-29 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to examine the Montgomery Improvement Association’s (MIA) misuse of community self reliance as a reactionary tool for overcoming racial segregation. The Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 is arguably considered to be the first victory of the modern Civil Rights Movement. This evaluation will investigate the MIA’s leadership, political ideology, boycott methodology and the sacrificing of self-reliant action. The focal point of this paper is to explore the integrationist ideology of the MIA’s leadership, the use of the Black Nationalist principle of self reliance and to reinterpret the decision to integrate the buses as opposed to creating a permanent system of transportation for their own. There are two research methodologies: (1) qualitative analysis of the boycott’s social impact and (3) evaluation of written history. The data collection includes: speeches, letters, interviews, newspapers, published literature on MIA and its leaders, organizational documents and government files. Why do African Americans forfeit building institutions for themselves, to be accepted by mainstream society? This paper poses the idea that the MIA should have continued with their self-reliance effort, eventually creating a transportation institution to meet the need of Montgomery’s black community.

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