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2011 - 96th Annual Convention Words: 258 words || 
1. Zatarga, Michael. "Slave Resistance in Eastern North Carolina During the Civil War" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 96th Annual Convention, TBA, Richmond, VA, Oct 04, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-12-10 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Slave Resistance has taken many different forms throughout history, and while we all would like that resistance to be active, and kinetic; even rebellious in most cases it was not. But that does not mean that the more passive resistance movements were less successful. Slaves, by work slow downs, trading and passing information to the arriving Union forces and flight severally curtailed Confederate economic production, limiting weapon and food manufacturing. Furthermore Union pronouncement of slaves as “Contraband of War”, meaning property used to prosecute war aims, forced Confederate slave owners to relocate their “property” less they be confiscated. The disruption to food and manufacturing production was immeasurable. This in turn added internal pressure to a faltering Southern economy, which collapsed under the weight many pressures both internal and external.
While northeastern North Carolina differed from the stereotypical Southern slave economy, with most slaves were involved in small scale operations, i.e. lumber, fishing, shipbuilding, and transportation, its importance to the Confederate war effort can not be over looked. Small blockade runners could bring in necessary supplies for a manufacturing poor Confederate army, as well as raiding Union supply lines. Food production, in fishing and farming was centered on large plantations located several miles away from the coast, along the interior waterways, seemingly shelter from possible Union coastal raids. Slaves were intertwined with free white labor, in the local economy, and became more important as the war absorbed more and more white workers. This intertwined economy began to unravel in August 1861.

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