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2010 - 95th Annual Convention Words: 215 words || 
1. Dargan, Janice. and Vann, Andre'. "Speaking from the Ivory Tower: Economically Liberating Effects of Patronage for Certain Harlem Renaissance Writers and Artists" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 95th Annual Convention, Raleigh Convention Center, Raleigh, North Carolina, Sep 29, 2010 <Not Available>. 2020-02-18 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Various biographers, such as Robert Hemenway (Zora Neale Hurston: A Literary Biography), Arnold Rampersad (The Life of Langston Hughes: I, Too, Sing America), and David Levering Lewis (When Harlem was in Vogue) have documented that Harlem Renaissance writers and artists were supported by generous patrons and philanthropic programs. Given such various stints of support awarded to literary and visual artists such as Paul Green, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, I propose that a level of artistic and personal freedom accompanied the element of economic liberty afforded by the patronage. It is this idea that I seek to pursue in this paper. Was there true freedom, or did constraints remain and temper the products of these artists during this time period of the 1920s-1940s?

Although the readings that I have identified make mention of the connections of Green, Hughes, and Hurston,
I also wonder about the specifics that brought these three together in North Carolina. At a time when the cultural and racial climate of the South in particular was lively at best and fragile at least, Green, aided by his UNC-Chapel Hill colleagues, managed to create opportunities for Hurston and Hughes to market their craft before audiences and in places that would otherwise be dangerous and unthinkable.

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