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2011 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 187 words || 
Info
1. Etter, Gregg. and Lehmuth, Erica. "The Mexican Drug Wars: Organized Crime, Narco-Terrorism, Insurgency or Asymmetric Warfare?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 15, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p512428_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There has been a full scale drug war raging in Mexico for the past few years. The acts of narco-terrorism caused by the Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTO’s) have cost over 34,000 lives since 2006 in what has degenerated into an armed insurrection in many parts of Mexico. Political officials, police, and innocent civilians have been assassinated or caught in the crossfire as the Mexican DTO’s battle for drug turf in an increasingly fierce battle to see who will control the drug manufacturing, drug trafficking, and human trafficking trades in Mexico. Alliances have been formed with gangs in the United States. Mexican President Felipe Calderon has committed thousands of troops from the Mexican Army to join the counter-narcotics operations of the Mexican law enforcement forces. The Mexican DTO’s have responded by changing tactics into what amounts to an insurgency using asymmetric warfare to combat the Mexican government forces. This presentation examines the current narco-conflict in Mexico for causes, trends, and possible solutions. Recent incursions into the United States by Mexican DTO’s have increased concerns by law enforcement that this conflict could spill over into the United States.

2005 - International Studies Association Words: 218 words || 
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2. DiPaolo, Amanda. "How to lose the war on terrorism: Terrorist Attacks and the Rise of Asymmetric Warfare" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, Mar 05, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p71109_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Conflicts involving states and terrorist organizations have been referred to as a form of asymmetric warfare. However, academic theories of asymmetric warfare to date involve only weak state actors (based on military capabilities) versus the strong. This paper redefines the notion of asymmetric warfare to account for threats posed to states by violent non-state actors. We modify the existing major theories to encompass terrorist organizations and apply them as well as a modified version to cases such as Al Qaeda's war with the United States. We question the current assumptions in asymmetric warfare literature that suggests only strong states can initiate an attack on a sovereign state; that a conflict involving a vital interest to a nation will guarantee either its success (or failure in the absence of a vital interest) in conflict; and also whether strategy alone decides the fate of a state involved in violent conflict. With the assumptions under question, we newly ask under what conditions can a weak actor defeat the strong and include in weak actor non-state actors. This work helps us reorganize our thoughts on what must be done to effectively combat terrorist groups in the so-called war on terrorism. We offer new strategies in neutralizing asymmetric threats to national security which may prove interesting to policy makers and academics alike.

2016 - American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting Words: 152 words || 
Info
3. Rushchenko, Julia. "Organized Crime and Asymmetric Warfare: Challenges and Interdependencies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, Nov 15, 2016 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1146197_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Russia’s aggression in Ukraine since 2014 has sparked many debates regarding the geopolitical norms, international law, and warfare tactics. Among other criminological, military and legal issues, the concept “hybrid warfare” is usually highlighted as a combination of unconventional warfare techniques implemented in Ukraine. Besides "reflexive control" and psychological propaganda, “criminal activity may also be considered part of this problem, as it either further destabilizes local government or abets the insurgent or irregular warrior by providing resources” (Hoffman, 2009, p. 35). In this paper the author examines what role the underworld and local criminal organizations played in the annexation of Crimea and the development of the armed conflict in the eastern provinces in Ukraine since the spring of 2014. Furthermore, the author analyzes the changes of the organized crime landscape in the above-mentioned territories focusing on the new illegal flows and transactions, concluding how these changes could possibly affect national and international security.

2013 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 183 words || 
Info
4. Bosquez, Kevin. and Cohen, Shuki. "Asymmetric Warfare Challenges to the Definition of Terrorism and the Representation of Hamas Suicide Terrorism in the GTD" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p667164_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: Much has been written about the challenges to the study of terrorism posed by the limited definitional tractability of the phenomenon. Similarly, nearly every scholarly publication that has used the GTD mentions the definitional inhomogeneity therein. Palestinian terrorism, however, presents a unique opportunity to examine the efficacy of an open-source incident database (such as the GTD) in understanding terrorism on the ecological and psychological levels. Matching Hamas claims for Israeli casualties on their local websites to the GTD, this presentation will demonstrate the impact of both the greater accessibility of the Israeli media and its definitional similarity of terrorism on the GTD representation of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and its efficacy for studying this conflict. In particular, this presentation will discuss the complications for the GTD inclusion criteria posed by the vicissitudes in the organizational cohesion of Hamas operations and their effect on the perception of these operations as acts of terrorism. Further, combining information from Hamas military bulletins and suicide operatives last wills, this presentation will chart the gamut of ‘suicidality’ in planning and perpetrating terrorism acts within a highly geographically-confined asymmetric warfare.

2010 - Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners Words: 35 words || 
Info
5. Kaempf, Sebastian. "Protecting Civilians in Asymmetric Conflicts: US Warfare in Iraq and the Nexus between the Ethics and Laws of War" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Feb 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p414812_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The paper examines how and why, despite the contemporary trend towards strengthening the principle of non-combatant immunity, enemy civilians are still being killed in American military campaigns. 'Collateral damage' has sparked controversies not only ove

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