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2011 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 7309 words || 
1. Pulver, Simone. "To Market, To Market: Building carbon markets in Brazil and India" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas, NV, Aug 19, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-24 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The functioning of markets is contingent on solving three market problems: 1) commodification, i.e. creating the commodity to be traded ; 2) market entry, i.e. attracting sufficient numbers of buyers and sellers to a new market, and 3) market stability, i.e. a market condition in which relationships among market actors and with market regulators are regularized and predictable. This framework is used to analyze the creation of new markets for carbon emissions reductions in the Brazilian and Indian sugar sector. Interview and archival data demonstrate that while problems of market entry have been solved by networks of carbon consultants, the commodification of carbon and the development of stable market relationships between market actors and regulators have proved more challenging. The failure to solve the commodification and stability problems has undermined efforts to build new carbon markets.

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