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2003 - American Sociological Association Pages: 2 pages || Words: 421 words || 
1. Green, Sara. "When Internality Is Not an Advantage: Locus of Control and the World Trade Center Tragedy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2019-08-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study examines the effects of September 11 on Locus of Control (LOC) and its consequences among university students in Florida. Ninety-four students participated in the study prior September 11 while 129 participated in the months following the attack. There are no significant differences between the two groups of students in terms of demographic characteristics often associated with LOC and/or depression. Findings indicate, however, that the two groups differ in important ways in terms of both levels of internality and the impact of internality on depression. The average level of internality is significantly lower in the group participating after September 11. In addition, results of multiple regression analysis indicate that, as expected from previous research, in the pre-tragedy group, internality exerts a significant main affect on depression while powerful others is significantly positively related to depression. Among students who participated after September 11, the patterns of relationships are startlingly different. None of the LOC dimensions has a significant main affect on depression. When the interaction terms are added to the equation, however, both internality and powerful others are associated with increased depression. Further, the internality X powerful others interaction term is significant and negative--indicating that the positive impact of internality on depression is strongest when belief in powerful others is low. These findings have important implications for the application of Locus of Control theory in situations in which the life experiences of individuals have been dramatically affected by the actions of others.

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