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2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 2 pages || Words: 430 words || 
1. Curran, Jeanne. and Takata, Susan. "13. The Rising Significance of a Visual Sociology: A Critical Examination of Criminal Justice/Social Justice" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <PDF>. 2018-07-21 <>
Publication Type: Poster
Abstract: Together, with our students at two State Universities, we have tried to expand learning and communication between the university and the community with the use of visual and performance art to illustrate issues of criminal justice and social justice. The lessons of the newest of our fields, visual sociology, visual anthropology or communication and media, is that talking about ideas, substantive ideas such as fairness, exploitation, governance, sensitivity to the Other, etc. by using visual stimuli or aural stimuli to accompany those ideas teaches them more appropriately and with easier access than traditional learning. One of Bruner’s contributions to learning theory was the visualization of abstract concepts and how such visualization made it possible for children to learn critical and abstract thought faster than maturity alone permitted. What visual sociology does is to focus on teaching communities of people (mostly students because of the strange orientation of our educational system that those are the only ones to be educated) use photography, video, etc. in what we call “participatory” and interactive. What we do is add to the visual approach with a two-day exhibit at the university at which the public and our students are invited to exhibit and share with us their analysis of the meaning of the visual work they have produced. The purpose of this poster presentation to is to share with others a part of our visual and performance exhibition.

2004 - The Law and Society Association Words: 303 words || 
2. Shanske, Darien. "Proposition 13 and the Language of Law" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Renaissance Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, May 27, 2004 <Not Available>. 2018-07-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In 1978, California voters approved Proposition 13, which dramatically and permanently lowered property taxes. After 25 years, the critique of the policy implications of Proposition 13 has almost become its own genre. The critique is substantial, from tracking obvious effects, such as unbalancing the state’s tax base, to noting more subtle impacts, like encouraging the “fiscalization” of land use decisions. Despite the mounting evidence and even in a year in which California faced a budget deficit equal to a third of its total budget, Proposition 13 not only remained sacrosanct, but Californians found a new mechanism of direct democracy to wield in order to cut taxes (namely the recall). Meanwhile, a number of lawsuits about the interpretation of Proposition 13 have worked their way to the Appellate level; the outcome of these cases, likely to eventually be heard by the California Supreme Court, could change the impact of Proposition 13 dramatically. The ultimate resolution of these cases will mean either the collection of even less property tax revenue under Proposition 13 or the status quo; there is no possibility of collecting more revenue. Clearly, an initiative of the scope of Proposition 13 calls for and has rightly received intense empirical analysis, but these recent lawsuits demonstrate that the law has an internal logic that is not entirely policy driven. Even as the baneful effects of Proposition 13 have mounted, a series of judicial decisions and further propositions have created an interpretive canon that has foreclosed any but the most severe interpretation of Proposition 13. This paper will outline and discuss the creation of this canon as a contribution to a more general analysis of the world disclosive and “foreclosive” power of legal language, even when the core issues could not be more fundamentally policy oriented.

2006 - XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies Words: 377 words || 
3. Ragir, Sonia., Karmel, Bernard., Gardner, Judith., Blakes, Felicia. and Reddick, Renne. "Visual Monitoring, Imitation, Joint Focus and Activity in 7 to 13-Month-Old Twins" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan, Jun 19, 2006 <Not Available>. 2018-07-21 <>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Abstract: Background and Aims: The effects of early sibling-sibling interactions on social and cognitive development among twins are poorly understood. In comparison to singletons who spend much of their social activity in scaffolded caregiver-child interaction, multiples spend most of their waking hours in the presence of and engaged in negotiated activities with their siblings. We propose that these patterns of negotiation promote a significantly earlier coordination of imitative, joint, and reciprocal activity between twins than in singletons. The intensity of this involvement with a same-age sibling may explain a great deal about the extraordinary empathy and perhaps even the similarities observed in their social and cognitive performances.

Methods: We studied the development of social interaction between twins and the effect of a same-age sibling on the timing and ordering of play behavior. Ten pairs of twins were videotaped for 10 min at 7, 10, and 13 months (adjusted for prematurity) in an open-field room that contained four age-appropriate toys. The interactions between the twins and their caregiver were coded in real time using Tracker II, video-coding software developed by us for this purpose. While tracking the duration of the interactions between participants, we recorded repeated and rhythmic actions, imitation, joint activity, joint focus, joint attention, mutual gazing, and unreciprocated glances at others. We also recorded the presence of reciprocal, complementary or contrasting roles taken by siblings during joint activities

Results: Our observations showed frequent visual monitoring among the seven-month-old twins with few glances toward the caregiver. They imitated rhythmic body movements and activity with toys, and showed a small but significant amount of joint focus depending on their mobility. At ten months, visual monitoring remained frequent and imitation, joint focus and joint activity increased while, at 13 months, there was reduced visual monitoring, taking turns with toys, and joint activity.

Conclusions: Our initial observations indicate that social coordination, such as imitation, repetition, and turn taking occurs early among twins. This early, intense, social interaction may be fundamental to the development of a shared social world. Twin-twin empathy appears to be a more intense development of the shared understanding that ultimately expresses itself as knowledge of the intentions of others.

2009 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 18 pages || Words: 4437 words || 
4. Hill, Susan., Redalen, Kai., Davison, Samantha. and Mondloh, Carley. "13. Comparing Intimacy Levels in Long Distance and Geographically Close Dating Relationships" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 08, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2018-07-21 <>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Long distance dating relationships (LDDRs) have become an increasingly popular phenomenon on college campuses. The effect of distance on dating couples' intimacy levels is unclear, as previous studies have produced mixed results. Using a survey questionnaire of undergraduate students at a liberal arts college in the upper Midwest, we tested the hypotheses: 1) students in long distance relationships have intimacy levels to participants in geographically close relationships (GCRs) and 2) there are gender differences among long distance dating relationships in perceived intimacy levels. We found no significant differences in intimacy levels between LDDR and GCR couples and also no difference between male and female respondents in LDDRs.
Supporting Publications:
Supporting Document

2009 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 1 pages || Words: 193 words || 
5. Najafizadeh, Mehrangiz. "Table 13. Social Change in Soviet and Post-Soviet Eurasia and Central Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 08, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2018-07-21 <>
Publication Type: Informal Discussion Roundtable
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: With the demise of the Soviet Union and increased accessibility to the newly independent Eurasian and Central Asian nation-states, dramatic and important new opportunities have arisen for the study of contemporary issues as well as for the comparative/historical study of social change in these ideologically unique regions. Included are countries ranging from Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan to Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. While of major theoretical interest, these regions also have taken on new and heightened practical geopolitical strategic significance following the events of September 11. This Informal Roundtable will provide an important opportunity for sociologists to join in discussion of salient issues pertaining to the dynamic and intriguing social setting of Eurasia and Central Asia. The Roundtable will provide a mechanism for empirical and theoretical exchange pertaining to social issues and social change in Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. The Roundtable will allow us to explore, more closely, issues of ideology and of the social change, which had been largely masked to the Western world during the Soviet-era.

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