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Showing 1 through 5 of 119 records.
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2003 - American Sociological Association Pages: 26 pages || Words: 5434 words || 
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1. Olafsdottir, Sigrun., Pescosolido, Bernice. and Kikuzawa, Saeko. "Public Attitudes towards Government Involvement in Health Care in the United States, Australia, Germany, Great Britain, and Italy, 1985-1996." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Atlanta Hilton Hotel, Atlanta, GA, Aug 16, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2019-10-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p106598_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Although health care spending represents one of the largest expenditure categories in all Western societies, most research on the welfare state has neglected issues related to health and health care. In this paper, we use the ISSP to evaluate the public attitudes towards health care in the United States, Australia, Germany, Great Britain, and Italy at three points in time. We find that public attitude do not cluster according to the most widely used schemes to classify welfare states which is not surprising given that these nations have often been clustered together without paying attention to health care. The results also indicate that the cleavages that are most influential in dividing individual health outcomes are an important predictor of people’s attitudes towards government involvement in health care. In general, groups who have been shown to experience worse health in modern society are more supportive of government involvement in health care whereas groups experiencing better health are generally less supportive.

2004 - American Sociological Association Pages: 47 pages || Words: 14909 words || 
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2. Stockard, Jean. and O'Brien, Robert. "Cross-National Variations in Age-Specific Suicide Rates in Cohorts born from 1875 through 1985" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2019-10-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p109820_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Using data on age-specific suicide death rates from 19 modern nations and cohorts born as early as 1875-79, we found that indicators of cohort related social capital, including relative cohort size and percentage of nonmarital births, were positively and significantly related to suicide rates. These effects are significantly stronger in the English-speaking family of nations, which have historically provided fewer political and social supports to families and children. The analytic model, an extension of the Age-Period Cohort Characteristic model, which utilizes hierarchical linear modeling, provides strong controls for age and period effects as well as autoregressive effects of cohorts. The inclusion of a number of cases from older age groups and data from a wider range of countries than in earlier studies provides greater evidence of the existence of cohort effects and, especially, the principle of “lifelong effects.”

2007 - Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 26 pages || Words: 6692 words || 
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3. Sullivan, Karen. "Preliminary Analysis of Physical Integrity Rights and Their Impact on Democratic Transitions, 1985-2002" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL, Apr 12, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-10-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p197294_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The impending and eventual collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1970s and 1980s began a new wave of democracy, one in which many autocratic regimes took steps toward transitioning to democracy, with some succeeding and other failing. The literature on democratization is immense, although lacking in the area of human rights. In this paper, I make the argument that better physical integrity human rights performance increases the likelihood of democratic transition by autocracies. This is done by using the Political Terror Scale physical integrity rights of 114 autocratic countries between 1985 and 2002 and Polity IV scores in a regression analysis. Results show a meaningful significant finding, albeit one that is unexpected. Regression analysis provides evidence which suggests that countries with worse physical integrity rights performance before transition are consistently more likely to transition to democracy.

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 40 pages || Words: 10568 words || 
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4. Kaplan, Cynthia. and Brady, Henry. "The Emergence of PoliticalAgendas:The Independence Movement in Estonia in 1985-1991" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-10-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p84056_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: How do the political agendas of social
movements emerge and get fixed in public consciousness? How do issues
move from a small group of individuals who espouse them to connecting
with the 'hidden transcripts' and deeply felt values of the broader
society? How does this happen in a country with a history of
repression? The proposed paper focuses on a critical case, Estonia, in
which concerns about ethnic and cultural identity were used to fuel
demands for independence from the former Soviet Union.
In earlier work, we used event and survey data collected from 1988 to
1993 to show that Estonian identity provided a powerful cultural frame
- a set of symbols, issues, and arguments - that motivated Estonians to
support an independence movement. But we did not identity the sources
of this cultural frame and how the logic linking it to independence was
developed. This paper is primarily concerned with the earlier period
from 1985 to 1988 when the political opportunities provided by
Gorbachev's glasnost' were utilized by writers, historians, and other
non-political actors, to define cultural issues that succeeded in
tapping values held by the mass public. Through an examination of
primary source materials from 1985 through 1991 we show how cultural,
moral, and historical issues were redefined to create the basis for the
cultural frames that mobilized hundreds of thousands of individuals to
protest for independence. We use a unique data base of articles drawn
from all of the Estonian and Russian language cultural journals
(published in Estonia) to capture elite discourse and to document how
these issues became part of the public dialogue. This analysis provides
a crucial link between the study of cultural work dealing
with ethnic and national identity and the study of social movements and
political protest.

2006 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 29 words || 
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5. Burke, Brendan. "Riptides in Ontario: Contrasting Strategies of Executive Reform, 1985-2005" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2019-10-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p139213_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper studies the political and administrative leadership of Ontario premiers from 1985 to the present day as they represent Liberal, New Democratic Party, and Progressive Conservative Party interests.

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