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2014 - Tenth Annual Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 348 words || 
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1. Zuliani, Liliana., Bastidas, Miryam., Ariza, Gustavo., Giraldo, Ana Lucía. and Ordóñez, Federico. "Experiencia de Crianza de niños con Síndrome de Down desde el rol paterno. Medellín-Colombia, 2013" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Tenth Annual Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2019-11-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p719327_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Esta investigación surge de una previa realizada por el mismo grupo sobre la experiencia de crianza de niños con Síndrome de Down (SD) en madres de la ciudad de Medellín-2010, en la que el padre es una figura trascendental para las madres y la familia, sin embargo la voz de ellos es poco escuchada en la crianza.

Para comprender la experiencia de los padres en torno a la crianza de niños con SD se utilizó la etnografía, porque incorpora experiencias, creencias, actitudes, pensamientos y reflexiones, tratando de encontrar los significados para interpretar los fenómenos desde la misma perspectiva de los participantes. La información se obtuvo mediante un muestreo por conveniencia a partir de los padres de niños con SD del programa de Pediatría Social de la Universidad de Antioquia y que consintieron su participación.

El análisis privilegió la comprensión de los actores, sus descripciones y se validó a través de conversaciones con los participantes y el estudio de los documentos. Los hallazgos obtenidos se unieron en códigos y se articularon en categorías significativas, de acuerdo con el criterio de los investigadores, se diseñaron mapas conceptuales que permitieron unir categorías y observar nuevas emergentes.

Los encuentros se realizaron en espacio concertados, se hicieron 10 entrevistas individuales y tres grupos focales en los cuales participaron 10 padres. De esta manera el tamaño de la muestra fue de 20 padres que dependió de la saturación.

Los resultados demuestran que la experiencia de crianza para los padres ha sido positiva en sus vidas, aunque el encuentro con el hijo esta surcado de tristezas y temores pero con motivación y alegría para salir adelante desde un proceso resiliente, todos los padres concluyeron que experimentan una serie de transformaciones en la crianza que los conduce a valorar al niño en sí mismo y a tener un acompañamiento satisfactorio como padre por la obtención de logros de éste inicialmente en lo familiar y posteriormente en lo social, sin embargo se sienten más exigidos en su rol paterno, por las demandas que la condición del niño amerita, dándole mayor protagonismo tanto en lo económico como en la crianza.

2014 - Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference Words: 655 words || 
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2. Lee, Feng-Jihu. and Jacob, James. "Mapping Education Reform in Taiwan from 1994 to 2013: A Social Cartography Critique" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mar 10, 2014 <Not Available>. 2019-11-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p717212_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Beginning in the early 1990s, most people in Taiwan felt the education system was at a stage of crisis that required fundamental and systematic reforms. This national mood led the government to establish a cross-cutting reform agency titled the Council on Educational Reform (CER) in September 1994. The 31 Council Members, under the chairmanship of Dr. Yuan-Tze Lee, 1986 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, were assigned the task of establishing feasible strategies for restructuring Taiwan’s education system. By 1996 CER had published 45 sponsored research reports, four substantive consultation documents, and one final report on steps needed to reform the education system. In all, 32 recommendations focused on various reformation needs that addressed each of the elementary, secondary, and higher education subsectors as well as a focus on diversifying admission channels to higher level schools, colleges and universities. A focus on facilitating teachers’ professional autonomy was also suggested to bring about the necessary fundamental transformation of education in Taiwan. Most of these 32 recommendations have been realized by 2013.

Heavily influenced by various non-Taiwan models of education, there has been a resurgence in recent years on helping to preserve indigenous languages, values, knowledges, and cultures as part of these national education reform efforts. In this paper, we will review this historical education reform period from a social cartography lens. A primary focus of this paper is to showcase in a visual (or social cartographic) manner the theoretical and ideological underpinnings for each of the 32 recommended education reform initiatives since 1994. Social cartography, as the art and science of mapping ways of seeing educational changes, is a method to identify changing perceptions of values and ideologies. Our sources for this material will draw from the 50 official CER reports.

Findings include six trends that surfaced during this education reform era. First, a central focus on globalization and internationalization is manifested. The global trend of internationalization is one of the major mottos that permeates much of the education reform literature, to essentially open the door for meeting the challenges from international competition. Second, localization or Taiwanization has also been emphasized. The education movement creates space for local identities and characteristics that had been suppressed in the past to emerge and be reinstated. Some examples of this localization resurgence include an emphasis on local history and ethnic language preservation. Taiwanization implies respecting local and indigenous forms of knowledges, values, and cultures, and in constructing and honoring Taiwan as the new political and cultural identity of its people, by enhancing the multicultural composition of the island in school curriculum and textbooks. Third, democratization is an area that needs continued emphasis. Education is a central arena to develop, manifest, consolidate, and transmit democratic ideals and respect for ethnic differences and cultures. Democratization is essential to establish a shared national identity. Fourth, marketization and deregulation are necessary foundation to help strengthen the national education system and economy. The introduction of market-oriented curricula into the education process is often coupled with deregulation of government control over education and exempts it from unnecessary constraints. Fifth, the CER highlighted the need for more emphasis on individualization. Education in Taiwan has turned to individual dignity, value, and learning process—these values build upon the Chinese Confucian education foundation that has existed for centuries in East Asia. Protecting children’s right to an education, parents’ right to choose suitable education models of delivery and curricula for their children, and teachers’ professional autonomy are duly respected and protected by the government. A more flexible and integrated school national curriculum was designed to help best meet individual needs. And finally, sixth, the Taiwan education reforms emphasized differentiation. Multiple channels of access to senior high schools and universities were designed and are in place to help to secure education equality and equity. The expansion of private senior high schools and colleges is an increasing topic of political debate. The primary rationale for this privatization expansion aims to encourage inter-school and inter-college competition.

2013 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 186 words || 
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3. Stolz, Barbara. "U. S. Anti-human Trafficking Policy: 2013 Update, Evolution, Change, and Accountability" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Nov 19, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-11-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p665424_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: U.S. anti-human trafficking policy has continued to evolve since the passage of the “Trafficking Victims Protection Act” (TVPA) in 2000. While the three-pronged “victim-centered approach”––prevention, protection, and prosecution––has remained the central framework, the specifics of that policy have continued to develop through the iterative policymaking process. This process can be depicted in four stages—agenda setting, legislation, implementation, and reauthorization. This presentation focuses on the reauthorization stage. The 2000 act mandated biennial reauthorization of the legislation. In fact, reauthorizations occurred in 2003, 2005, 2008, and most recently in 2013. Analysis of the criminal justice provisions of the first three reauthorizations identified three types of change––new crimes, expansion of legal tools, and technical clarifications (e.g., definition of terms). The 2013 reauthorization included similar types of changes, but also mandated a variety of accountability mechanisms such as studies and audits by the Justice Department’s Office of Inspector General and the U.S. Government Accountability Office, as well as academic evaluations. Analysis of these provisions not only enhances our understanding of the evolution U.S. anti-human trafficking policy, but also of the political considerations evidenced in the criminal justice policymaking process, generally.

2013 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 101 words || 
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4. Duran, Robert. "Three Decades of Legalized Violence: Law Enforcement Shootings in Denver, Colorado from 1983 to 2013" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Nov 14, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-11-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p665278_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Law enforcement shootings of residents account for the greatest loss of human lives at the hands of the criminal justice system. Three explanations for officer involved shootings have been advanced in the scholarly literature. This research project combined district attorney summaries, police shooting files, and viewing of police shooting video interviews to understand the patterns involving 218 officer-involved shootings with 104 deaths in Denver, Colorado from 1983 to 2013. Patterns analyzed in this paper include shootings by frame and characteristics of individuals, neighborhoods, and officers. These data highlight how police use of deadly force encompasses a disproportionate segment of the population.

2013 - Northeastern Political Science Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 10577 words || 
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5. Brown, Heath. "Immigrant Mobilization in Comparison: 2012 v. 2013" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association, Sonesta Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 14, 2013 Online <PDF>. 2019-11-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p678838_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In 2012, immigrant voters received substantial attention for their participation in the presidential election. Traditional political parties registered and mobilized immigrant voters at the same time a variety of outside groups (unions, interest groups, and nonprofits) participated in the election. This paper investigates whether this high-level of voter mobilization continued during the off-year election of 2013. Elections in New York, New Jersey, and Virginia provide an opportunity to study whether advocacy groups continued to be actively engaged or whether their participation waned. Survey data are compared between the two elections to draw conclusions about variation in electoral participation of immigrant-serving advocacy organizations.

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