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2012 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 676 words || 
1. Schwarzenegger, Christian. and Kinnebrock, Susanne. "A 3-Generation and 3-Nation Triangulation of 3 Methods: An Approach to Transnational Communicative Life-Worlds" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton Phoenix Downtown, Phoenix, AZ, May 24, 2012 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Extended Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: “Turning transnational” is popular in communication studies and increasingly also in communication historiography. We can observe a growing importance of historical research that goes beyond the explanatory framework of the nation-state. The research on audiences, however, remains a desideratum. We do not know how “transnational” their media use and life-worlds are and how this changed throughout history. This is partly caused by manifold methodological challenges. In the workshop we want to discuss how to meet these challenges by presenting the design of a current research project. As our basic assumption was that an understanding of audiences is to be found in their respective life-worlds we had to find ways to approach these. As life-worlds are complex a triangulation of different data collecting methods was advisable. Hence, we conducted a series of group-discussions, interviews, and standardized surveys. We applied this strategy to survey people in the “EUREGIO Maas-Rhine”, a region where Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands meet. To gain insights in the development of life-worlds in changing (media) cultures and throughout time, our research comprised people not only from the three nations, but also from three generations. So we applied a triangulation of 3 methods on 3 generations from 3 nations.

2009 - The Mathematical Association of America MathFest Words: 44 words || 
2. Abdurrahman, Abdulmajeed. and Cresswell, Alan. "The Operator Connecting the SCSV 3-Vertex and the Comma 3-Vertex" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Mathematical Association of America MathFest, Portland Marriott Downtown Waterfront, Portland, OR, Aug 06, 2009 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The comma interacting 3-vertex of the open bosonic string is constructed in the full string basis of the open bosonic string. This form of the vertex is then used to construct the conformal operator connecting the comma interacting 3-vertex and the Sciuto-Caneschi-Schwimmer-Veneziano 3-vertex (SCVS-Vertex).

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 33 pages || Words: 8476 words || 
3. Wolf, Michael., Wimer, Sarah. and Downs, Andrew. "The Missing 3,847 Voters: StrategicVoting in a Primary Election or the Malaise of One-PartyPolitics?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In many ways, the sub-field of
voting behavior enjoys the best data, methods, and perhaps the best
theory of all fields of political science. Nevertheless, one area of
voting behavior where the conclusions remain relatively limited is that
of crossover and/or strategic voting in primary elections. This is the
case for many reasons. First, quite often incomplete data lead to
theoretical and empirical under-identification. With partisanship, type
of primary election, candidate quality, type of office, and context of
election all varying, there is often an inability to specify meaningful
tests. Second, often there are no data at the individual level, which
requires scholars to make cross-level inferences of individual-level
behavior. Nevertheless, there have been excellent studies that discuss
the role of strategic voting (Abramson et al., 1992; Abramowitz et al.,
1981) and approaches to better analyze crossover and strategic voting
(Alvarez and Nagler, 2000). Our addition to this literature looks to
test the nature of strategic voting in one electoral cycle in one
district. Specifically, our case study approach attempts to provide an
in-depth look at possible explanations for an anomaly of voting
outcomes in Indiana’s third congressional district in 2002. Indiana has
a partially open primary system, where voters declare their party
allegiance and receive a party’s primary ballot at the polling site the
day of the primary. The third district typically has been dominated by
Republicans. In 2002, the incumbent Republican was challenged by a
quality Republican challenger, who had held the mayor’s office in the
district’s largest city (over 200,000 residents) and who had run for an
open Senate seat from Indiana in 1998. Interestingly, in the general
election, 3,847 fewer GOP voters actually voted than had voted in the
primary. What explains this bizarre outcome? If it were truly
Republicans who had not voted in the general election, than either some
Republicans unhappy with the incumbent were mobilized, or Republicans
were mobilized by having two quality candidates vying for the
nomination. The other more likely possibility is that significant
numbers of Democrats crossed-over to vote strategically in the primary
election. Unfortunately, as is often the case, no exit polls exist for
the primary or the general election. Therefore, we rely on past
precinct-level data from the district to make inferences (albeit
cross-level) about which of the above hypotheses held. Obviously
individual-level data would be optimal, but in their absence, we rely
on comparing turnout between primaries, between general elections,
among both primaries and general elections historically, voting
patterns within precincts historically and during the 2002 election
cycle. We hope the triangulation strategy will allow meaningful
conclusions to be drawn about why particular voters decided to vote in
a primary election and not in a general election. Significant
conclusions can be drawn concerning strategic voting, cross-over
voting, party identification and voting behavior among minority
partisans in one-party contexts, and for applied political strategy.
Thus, while it is a case study, it provides a unique and very
interesting opportunity to test different hypotheses.

2005 - North American Association For Environmental Education Words: 1 words || 
4. Brody, Michael. "Second Annual EE Research Symposium Breakout 3" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the North American Association For Environmental Education, Oct 24, 2005 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Research Symposium

2006 - XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies Words: 415 words || 
5. McCarty, Michael., Dong, Linxia., Boylan, Mallory., Cheng, Quiqiong., Anderson, Todd. and Hart, Sybil. "Omega-3 Fatty Acid Levels in Maternal Breast Milk Predict Attention in Infancy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the XVth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan, Jun 19, 2006 <Not Available>. 2020-02-25 <>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Abstract: Background and Aims: The relationship between omega-3 fatty acid levels in human breast milk and the developing infants’ attention abilities was examined. This study takes advantage of natural variations in the components of breast milk to see how these components affect early cognitive development. The omega 3 fatty acids, particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are thought to stimulate brain and visual development in infants and may provide support for cognitive development.
The infants were presented with a fixed-trial habituation procedure and looking time was measured. Habituation is a reduction in response strength to repetitive stimuli, and it involves attention and memory. In infancy, it is considered a predictor of later cognitive functioning. Specifically, faster habituation is associated with higher intellectual functioning, at least during the first year of life.

Methods: A total of 48 mother-infant dyads participated, the infant was 3-months-old for 33 of the dyads, and 6-weeks-old for 15 of the dyads.
The infant sat in an infant seat while a 2.5 minute video of an arm-flapping toy turtle was played. The infants face was videotaped, and we scored how long the infant looked at the video.
A small sample of breast milk was collected on the same day as the infant participated, and fatty acid concentrations were determined by gas chromatography. The mother also answered questionnaires and completed the vocabulary and matrix reasoning subtests of the WASI.

Key Results: Among the 3-month-old infants, higher maternal DHA levels were associated with shorter looking times (r = -.64). This relationship held even when we controlled for maternal intelligence and family SES. In contrast, there was no relationship between maternal DHA levels and looking time among the 6-week-old infants (r = .00). Finally, the 6-week-old infants looked at the video for a shorter duration than the 3-month-old infants (M = 88 and 125 s, respectively), t(45) = 2.86, p < .01.

Conclusions: There was a relationship between DHA levels in breast milk and habituation in infancy. Specifically, 3-month-old infants whose mothers had higher levels of DHA in breast milk habituated faster to a repetitive stimulus. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that DHA is good for the developing infant.
The 6-week-old infants did not show a relationship between looking time and maternal breast milk DHA levels. During testing, we observed that the 6-week-olds were not very alert during the video, and this state may have affected the results.

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