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2010 - ISME World Conference and Commission Seminars Pages: unavailable || Words: 3167 words || 
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1. Myllykoski, Mikko. "‘JamMo’ Mobile Music Making Software: Composition Games for 3- 6-Year-Old Children" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISME World Conference and Commission Seminars, China Conservatory of Music (CC) and Chinese National Convention Centre (CNCC), Beijing, China, Aug 01, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p402435_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Up to this date, only few musical mobile applications have been developed for educational purposes and especially for young children. In the present study, which is a part of European Union UMSIC research project (www.umsic.org), mobile music software ‘JamMo’ (‘Jamming Mobile’) has been designed for the Nokia N900 Internet tablet. JamMo’s software design is based on multi-disciplinary research basis and aims to provide child-centred, creative and collaborative mobile musical environment for 3- 12-year-old children including those with moderate learning difficulties, such as attention deficit disorders, and those who are newly immigrated. In this paper we will present JamMo composition game design, targeted to the youngest user group, 3- 6-year-old children. The design encompasses stand-alone software features and functions, user interface, musical materials, and extends to networking features and technical design.

2016 - The 62nd Annual Meeting of the Renaissance Society of America Words: 127 words || 
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2. Marchesi, Simone. "If One Could Make Paradise on Earth: The Garden Frame of Decameron Days 3–6" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The 62nd Annual Meeting of the Renaissance Society of America, Park Plaza Hotel and Hynes Convention Center, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-10-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1048625_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: This paper investigates the possible interconnections existing between the stories narrated in Days 3-6 and their narrative settings. Moving from the acquisitions of the studies devoted to the literary traditions converging in the Decameron gardens, this paper adds a new line of investigation by concentrating on the trope of the Earthly Paradise present in the garden descriptions and reverberating in several of the novelle told in the days considered. In particular, it looks at two apparently unrelated stories which bookend the central three days of storytelling: the novella of Masetto and that of Frate Cipolla. Both stories evoke traits of the trope of Eden and connect them with an investigation on the nature and the uses, as well as the ends and the limits, of human language.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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3. Todd, James., Soska, Kasey., Costales, Amanda. and Bahrick, Lorraine. "The Emergence of Social Attention: Maintenance and Disengagement of Attention to Social and Nonsocial Events from 3 to 6 Months" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Mar 19, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-10-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p961592_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Attention to social events promotes typical perceptual, cognitive, and language development. Children with autism show impaired maintenance and disengagement of attention to social events (Dawson etal., 2004). Characterizing the trajectory of social attention, particularly in infancy, is critical to early identification of autism. Cross-sectional habituation data indicate a preference for social events emerges between 2-8 months of age, and is evident as early as 3 months (Bahrick et al., 2009). However, longitudinal data assessing individual differences in multiple attention skills is needed to more accurately describe the trajectory of social attention across infancy.

Using the Multisensory Attention Assessment Protocol (MAAP; Bahrick & Todd, submitted), it is possible to assess individual differences in multiple indices of attention to dynamic social and nonsocial events across the lifespan. Findings from the MAAP have demonstrated an increase in social (but not nonsocial) attention between 2-6 years of age. Here we assessed the early development of social and nonsocial attention by presenting the MAAP to infants at 3 and 6 months of age in a longitudinal design.

Infants were tested at 3 months (N=30; M=92.4 days, SD=4.9), and again at 6 months of age (N=19; M=179.5, SD=5.0; data collection ongoing). In the MAAP, trials of a 3s central visual event (animated shapes) were immediately followed by two side-by-side lateral events (10s), one in synchrony with its natural soundtrack. Lateral events were either social (two women speaking) or nonsocial (two objects striking a surface). On half of the trials, the central stimulus remained on during the lateral events (overlap trials providing competing visual stimulation), while on the other half the central stimulus was turned off (no-overlap trials). Measures of attention maintenance (duration; proportion of available time looking to lateral events) and disengagement (speed; latency to shift attention to lateral events on overlap trials) were calculated.

Results overall indicated longer maintenance and faster disengagement of attention at 6 than 3 months (ps<.05; Figs. 1 & 2). Also, longer attention maintenance to social than nonsocial events was evident at both ages (ps<.01). At 6 months, infants showed longer maintenance to social and nonsocial events than at 3 months on overlap, but not no-overlap, trials (ps<.004). Six-month-olds also were faster to disengage from the central event to look to the lateral social events than 3-month-olds (p=.01), but there were no differences for nonsocial events.

These findings demonstrate overall improvements in basic indices of attention with age, including longer attention maintenance and faster disengagement at 6 months than at 3 months. Moreover, infants at both ages showed a social preference, with longer attention maintenance to social than nonsocial events, and speed of attention disengagement to look to social events improved from 3 to 6 months. These findings demonstrate the MAAP to be a simple but powerful tool for assessing attention skills in early infancy. Ongoing research will extend these findings to older ages and characterize individual differences in the trajectories of social vs. nonsocial attention, with implications for early identification of atypical attention trajectories in disorders such as autism.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Words: 492 words || 
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4. van Schaik, Johanna. and Hunnius, Sabine. "Mimicry by Membership: The Sensitivity of 3- to 6-Year-Olds’ Mimicry to Group Boundaries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-10-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p959442_index.html>
Publication Type: Presentation
Abstract: During our day-to-day interactions, we display a simple form of interpersonal coordination that is not task-related and occurs outside of awareness. This ‘behavioral mimicry’ entails copying an interaction partner’s meaningless behaviors, such as rubbing one’s face. Like other forms of interpersonal coordination, mimicry affects and is affected by how much the interaction partners like each other. For instance, adults mimic behaviors carried out by ingroup members but not by outgroup members (Yabar et al., 2006). Mimicry is thought to socially bond individuals (Lakin et al., 2003), though surprisingly, it is unknown how mimicry develops into this social role. One study has shown that 40-month-old children mimic adult models in videos, but no social modulation was found (van Schaik et al., 2013). Yet, non-mimicry studies indicate that young children are sensitive to social dynamics; for example, from the age of three onwards, children demonstrate ingroup preferences even when groups are randomly assigned (Patterson & Bigler, 2006).
This study investigates at what point during early childhood the production of mimicry becomes socially sensitive, in this case to group membership. Children between three and six years of age are being studied; a group of 3-year-olds is currently being tested, and data from 4- to 6-year-olds has been collected at a kindergarten (n=40). In the experiment, participants first choose whether to belong to the blue or yellow group and proceed to play a simple game they are told earns points for their group. Then, two models are introduced and group membership is emphasized. Next, stimulus videos are presented in which either the model wearing the child’s group’s color (the ingroup model) or the model wearing the other color (the outgroup model) is seen carrying out a typically-mimicked behavior. A total of four types of behaviors are shown six times each in a pseudo-randomized order, two of which are demonstrated by the ingroup model and two by the outgroup model (counterbalanced across participants; Figure 1). Finally, explicit liking of the two models is measured. Children’s behavior during the initial game, which serves as the baseline, and while watching the videos of the models, is coded for the four target behaviors.
Children between the ages of four and six carried out ingroup behaviors significantly more than outgroup behaviors while watching the videos (z=2.22, p=.01), whereas this was not the case during the baseline. Importantly, time spent looking at the ingroup and outgroup models did not differ. Children showed an explicit ingroup preference in the final liking measure (χ2=7.82, p<.01). Preliminary results suggest that also the 3-year-olds display mimicry, but it is too early to establish whether or not they demonstrate a social sensitivity in their mimicry behavior. The emerging pattern supports the notion that producing mimicry behaviors arises during toddlerhood and that, at least by the age of five, children’s production of mimicry is guided by the social environment. This study provides the first evidence that the production of non-time-locked interpersonal coordination develops and gains social sensitivity during early childhood.

2014 - Texas Academy of Science Annual Meeting Words: 219 words || 
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5. Phan, Nhung., Shewale, Swapnil., Bi, Xin., Zhu, Xuewei., Boudyguina, Elena. and Parks, John. "Role of leukocyte GPR120 in n-3 vs. n-6 PUFA induced atheroprotection" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Texas Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Texas A&M Galveston Campus, Galveston, TX, Mar 07, 2014 <Not Available>. 2019-10-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p729120_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) found in fish and fish oil (FO) are atheroprotective, yet the mechanism behind atheroprotection by n-3 PUFA was relatively unknown until the discovery of G-coupled protein receptor 120 (GPR120). GPR120 is an anti-inflammatory n-3 PUFA receptor and is not activated by n-6 PUFA. In current study, by generating leukocyte GPR120 KO mice in a LDL-/- background, we proposed to differentiate lipid lowering vs. anti-inflammatory effects of n-3 PUFAs in atheroprotection. We hypothesized that leukocyte GPR120 KO mice that are fed n-3 PUFAs will have exacerbated atherosclerosis when compared to their GPR120 WT counterparts, whereas atherosclerosis in GPR120 KO and WT mice fed n-6 PUFAs should not differ from one another since n-6 PUFAs don’t activate GPR120. Botanically derived Omega-3 vs. Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid enriched Echium and Borage oil diets were atheroprotective to the same extent of Fish oil when compared to the saturated fat diet, Palm oil. A lack of leukocyte GPR120 did not have a significant effect on plasma cholesterol, plasma triglycerides or atherosclerosis. Diet dependent reduction in plasma lipids and atherosclerosis was seen. These data suggest that botanically derived Echium and Borage oil impart comparable atheroprotection, however the anti-inflammatory effects of leukocyte GPR120 plays a minor role in atheroprotection.

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