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2009 - International Communication Association Words: 30 words || 
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1. Foreman-Wernet, Lois. and Linderman, Albert. "8:00 - 8:30 a.m. Introduction: Purpose and procedures for the workshop" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p298590_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: The organizers will review the workshop structure, the assignment of participants with and without presentations to groups for group sessions, and the communication procedures and goals for the day’s activities.

2008 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 285 words || 
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2. Gao, Yu. "Association Between Skin Conductance Fear Conditioning from Ages 3 to 8 Years and Antisocial Behavior at Age 8." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, St. Louis Adam's Mark, St. Louis, Missouri, <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p269203_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Poor fear conditioning has been consistently found in adult psychopaths, criminals, delinquents, and antisocials. but it is not known if this relationship occurs early in life or whether the association is moderated by social adversity. Using a differential classical conditioning paradigm, skin conductance responses (SCRs) to auditory aversive tones were recorded from 162 children (53% male) at five different time points (ages 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 years). The Children’s Behaviour Questionnaire was completed by the children’ teachers when they were age 8, producing two behavioral factors (aggressive-hyperactive and anxious-fearful). Social adversity data were collected when the children were aged 3 years. Children were categorized into good (n = 82) or poor conditioners (n = 80) based on their average conditioned SCRs across ages. Compared to good conditioners, poor conditioners scored significantly higher on aggressive-hyperactive factor (p = .018). The two groups did not differ on the anxious-fearful factor (p = 1.000). In addition, poor conditioners showed significantly higher score on an 8-item antisocial items (p = .038). There were also trends showing that poor conditioners scored higher on both aggressive (p = .075) and non-aggressive antisocial subscales (p = .074). Boys showed significantly higher score on aggressive/hyperactive factor, 8 antisocial items, aggressive and non-aggressive antisocial items compared to girls (all ps < .05). The above findings remained significant when social adversity was included as a covariate. Results are consistent with the hypothesis that poor fear conditioning is associated with antisocial behavior in children and demonstrate that this relationship occurs early in childhood. Findings are consistent with as neurodevelopmental perspectives on child antisocial behavior, and suggest that poor fear conditioning early in life is a risk factor for later development of antisocial behavior.

2012 - ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 11671 words || 
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3. Tilley, Brian. "The Proposition 8 Conundrum: A Qualitative Exploration of Pro-8, Pro-Obama Voting" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting, Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL, Jul 06, 2012 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p561730_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The 2008 election results in California strongly favored Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama but resulted in the passing of the socially conservative Proposition 8, which was a ban on gay marriage. The seemingly contradictory results raise questions about the reasoning behind voter decisions in the election. Prior research indicates that studies of specific voting behaviors such as single-issue voting should be conducted in-depth with small sample sizes. As such, the study is a qualitative content analysis of interviews conducted with participants who voted both for President Obama and for Proposition 8. Paper includes a discussion of the rationale for organizing and condensing participant responses, common themes among participant responses, and potential explanations for the themes. It appears that the strongest influence on voting against gay marriage was religious beliefs, though other explanations are explored. Responses indicate that attempts by supporters of gay marriage to frame the issue as related to civil rights were not convincing to participants. The vote for a democratic candidate and for a socially conservative measure was seen as a contradiction by some participants.

2018 - Comparative and International Education Society Conference Words: 747 words || 
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4. Maas, Antoinette. "Learn4Work 2008-2016: Findings from 8 years of linking youth, labour market, and training providers in 8 countries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society Conference, Hilton Mexico City Reforma Hotel, Mexico City, Mexico, Mar 25, 2018 <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1353877_index.html>
Publication Type: Round-table Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: 1. RELEVANCE:
The International Monetary Fund forecasts that Africa will be the world’s second-fastest-growing economic region in the period up to 2020. A promising claim, but if Africa is to realise its potential, it will first have to address a structural problem in its labour market: the ‘skills gap’, an adverse combination of high demand for and a low supply of skilled labour, resulting in high (youth) unemployment. The Edukans Learn4Work programme (L4W) addresses this skills gap by linking vocational training providers to the labour market, ensuring that training is relevant to the labour market needs. Learn4Work establishes Public-Private-Partnerships to improve the quality and relevance of vocational training and reduce youth unemployment. In 2012 Edukans changed its funding regulations to ensure Southern-driven partnerships. Of the 22 L4W partnerships, 20 have been initiated and coordinated by Southern organisations. In all partnerships the Southern, local labour market demands have been leading, by including local private sector partners from the start of the projects. South-South collaboration between the different L4W partners has increased learning.
The programme ran from 2008-2016 and wo co-funded by the Dutch government (16M euros),implemented in 8 countries, training 12,000 youth and 700 teachers.

2. THEORY/CONTEXT:
L4W provides market-oriented vocational training to empower young people: youngsters learn the social, business and technical skills they need to increase their employability and chances of making a living. Market-oriented skills training needs to be customized with the input from the labour market, the trainee and the training provider. To achieve success, it is essential to link all three parties. Edukans developed the 7-STEPS tool to provide this link and enable the training provider to monitor and improve the quality on a continual basis. 7-STEPS links the business sector with training providers so that they can jointly design, implement and monitor skills training programmes. Whereas this linkage is deeply embedded in the Dutch TVET system, it hardly exists in Africa.
The strength of this approach is that it can be applied in all sectors and contexts, whether rural or urban, whether applied to pastoralist communities or industrialised regions. By starting with an assessment of local economic opportunities and needs, and by involving all actors in the different steps, the local context is always leading.

3. INQUIRY:
Keeping track of success is crucial in the cycle to continuously assess the relevance of training. Edukans has made the monitoring of output, outcome and impact an integral part of our approach. Trainees are followed individually, and interviewed before, directly after, and 1 year after the training. This insight into employment opportunities for trainees, in combination with monitoring of satisfaction rates of employers, is used as input to improve the relevance of the training where necessary. The questionnaires also monitor the impact of our work on income, food security, health and general well-being, based on the Human Development Index. It proved to be valuable to have such a questionnaire developed from the start and to train partners on the use in an early stage, proving the impact of our work.

4. FINDINGS:
Results: before training 17% employed vs 83% unemployed. 1 year after training: 92% employed, vs 8% unemployed.

Enough income to cover basic needs:
8% at start of training vs 69% 1 year after training.

Income increased and poverty reduced:
Trained in L4W: From 79% to 18% (very poor)
Control group: 71% to 51%

5. CONTRIBUTION:
For long, the right to education was the starting point to focus on training youth in order to improve employment rates.
Recently, the international focus on improving youth employment also recognises the need to ensure the relevance of what is being trained. However, many interventions are still organised from an educational and youth perspective, and face challenges in making this link to the labour market concrete. Governments develop policies and strategies on linking education and labour market, but do not succeed in actually changing the practice of curriculum development and the role of the education sector. Edukans has managed to actually operationalise this link between training institution and labour market, making the market demand leading and taking the education sector by the hand in this change of mind-set.

Furthermore, the focus of many donors on Public-Private-Partnerships and the financing role of the private sector in these partnerships, has shifted many PPP’s towards engaging large (international) companies to increase economic opportunities. Edukans’ approach however offers a solution to increase local economic opportunities by taking local labour market potential as a starting point, and helping SME’s to organise the link with training institutions.

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