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2014 - SASE Annual Conference Words: 691 words || 
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1. Huault, Isabelle. and Rainelli, Helene. ""Excessive Speculation" in Commodities Derivatives Markets: Boundary Work around Acceptable versus Non-Acceptable Practices" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SASE Annual Conference, Northwestern University and the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL USA, Jul 10, 2014 <Not Available>. 2019-06-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p722331_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: “Excessive speculation” in commodities derivatives markets:
Boundary work around acceptable versus non acceptable practices

Isabelle Huault
Université Paris Dauphine, isabelle.huault@dauphine.fr

Hélène Rainelli-Weiss
EM Strasbourg, helene.rainelli@em-strasbourg.eu

Key-words: Commodities derivatives markets, speculation, regulation, categories, boundary work.

Adopting an historical perspective, we propose to study the way recurrent debates regarding the “excessive speculation” category on financial derivatives markets, take various shapes at different points in time. We consider that history does not repeat itself, at least not in the exact way. However, many of the issues faced by markets regarding speculation are not entirely new. More specifically, we will analyse, at two different points in time, how actors combine justifications to impact on the frontier between moral and immoral behaviours and undertake work and efforts to define the boundaries between acceptable versus non-acceptable practices. Then, we will look at the consequences on market shaping.
We focus on commodities derivatives markets with special emphasis on agricultural markets. As these markets bear a direct link with the feeding of people, their history is characterized by recurrent struggles involving moral as well as technical issues between a diversity of actors (farmers, politicians, agribusiness firms, commodity traders, activists, academics…) acting on the basis of different worldviews. The most persistent feature of the controversy lies in the role of speculation, sometimes seen as beneficial to the functioning of the market, sometimes stigmatized as responsible for major food crisis. Although the notion first appeared in the wake of the 1929 crisis, and played a structuring role in the regulation of commodities futures markets at that time, categorizing transactions on markets as excessively speculative proved to be both crucial in the functioning of the market and particularly uneasy. In this project, we will study the controversy around the definition and the role of “excessive speculation” within two major parliamentary debates involved by regulatory issues: the Commodity Exchange Act in 1936 and the MiFID2 in 2011.
An interesting question raised by the recurrent apparition of the “excessive speculation” category in debates regarding the desirable level of regulation of financial commodities markets in the US and in Europe is the leeway, left to both opponents and advocates, by the ambiguity of the notion. We propose to study how actors handle this ambiguity and work on the boundaries of the category, in their attempt to define what is permissible and what is not on commodities derivatives markets over time. We argue that the analysis of the structure of the debates at two different periods might reveal on the persistent mechanisms relating categories, the evolution (or stability) of power relations and their consequences on organizational forms of markets.
Methodologically, we rely on many types of official documents, and specifically on parliamentary reports, congressional hearings (1934-1936) and history books, in order to analyze the debates about the 1936 regulation. Recent reports by NGOs on commodity derivatives constitute another source of data to analyze the present regulation wave, where resistance against “excessive speculation” is explicitly expressed and proposals to set limits on commodity speculation are put forward. We also analyze contributions to the public consultation organized by the European Commission in a document concerning the review of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) from 08/12/2010 to 02/02/2011. Close analysis of the responses provides interesting results, particularly as regards the controversies around the definition of “excessive speculation” and the discourses used for that purpose.

References
Anteby, M. (2010). ‘Markets, morals and practices of trade: Jurisdictional disputes in the US Commerce in cadavers’, Administrative Science Quarterly, 55, Issue 4: 606-638.
Huault, I. and Rainelli, H. (2009), ‘Market shaping as an answer to ambiguities. The case of credit derivatives’, Organization Studies, 30, 549-575.
Lamont, M. and Molnar, V. (2002). ‘The study of boundaries in the social sciences’, Annual Review of Sociology, 28, 167-195.
McGoey, L. (2012). ‘Strategic unknowns : Towards a sociology of ignorance’, Economy and Society, 41, 1: 1-16
Quinn, S. (2008). ‘The transformation of morals in markets: Death, benefits, and the exchange of life insurance policies’. American Journal of Sociology, 114, 738–780.
Wadhwani, R. D and Bucheli, M. (2013): 'The Future of the Past in Management and Organization Studies.' In Marcelo Bucheli & R. Daniel Wadhwani (eds.): Organizations in Time: History, Theory, Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2008 - International Communication Association Pages: 20 pages || Words: 9628 words || 
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2. Shin, Don-Hee. "Applying the Technology Acceptance Model and Flow Theory to Cyworld User Behavior: Implication of the Web2.0 user acceptance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 22, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p230029_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Using the Technology Acceptance Model as a conceptual framework and a method of structural equation modeling, this study analyzes user attitude toward Cyworld drawing data from 314 Cyworld users. Individuals’ responses to questions about acceptance and usage of Cyworld were collected and combined with various factors modified from the Technology Acceptance Model. The results of this study show that user’ perceptions are significantly associated with their motivation to use Web2.0. Specifically, participation and involvement are found to have significant effect on users’ motivation. These new constructs are found to be Web2.0-specific factors, playing as enhancing factors to attitudes and intention.

2017 - ICA's 67th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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3. Zheng, Yue. "Toward a Situational Technology Acceptance Model: Combining the Situational Theory of Problem Solving and Technology Acceptance Model to Promote Mobile Donations for Nonprofit Organizations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 67th Annual Conference, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego, USA, May 25, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1230777_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Using a nationwide survey of 994 respondents in February 2016, this study combines the situational theory of problem solving and technology acceptance model to refine the conceptual understandings of people’s motivations to make a mobile donation benefiting nonprofit organizations. Findings provide empirical support for an emerging situational technology acceptance model. People’s intentions to make a mobile donation are mostly influenced by their attitudes toward using technology and subjective norms. Practical implications are also discussed.

2008 - The Association for Women in Psychology Words: 49 words || 
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4. Merrill, Jo. "Can Feminist Therapists Accept Acceptance and Commitment Therapy?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Association for Women in Psychology, Hilton San Diego - Mission Valley, San Diego, CA, Mar 13, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-06-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p230973_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper will explore the compatibility of acceptance and commitment therapy with feminist therapy. It argues that we can enrich our understanding and practice of empowering women by examining the meaningful intersections of these two therapies, from their philosophical foundations to their theoretical frameworks to their practice-based implications.

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