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1. Bolaji, Mohammed Hadi. "Shari’ah in Northern Nigeria and Asymmetrical Federalism" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The main thrust of this paper is to challenge the thesis that the extension of Shari’ah to the penal codes in northern Nigeria can be classified under rubric of what political scientists call asymmetrical federalism. In this paper, the status of asymmetrical arrangements in the literature will be reviewed in order to place the discussion in analytical perspectives. Having examined the trajectory of Shari’ah since pre-colonial era, the paper argues that the often assumed dominance of religion in the colonial administration in Northern Nigeria had less contribution from the institution of Shari’ah than it is normally acknowledged in the literature. While locating the examination of the operation of Shari’ah within the secular foundation of the contemporary nation-statism, the paper argues that Shari’ah, by introducing contradictions that are informed by religiously-informed paradigms, has displaced the symmetrical forms of Nigerian federalism such as secularism and uniform citizenship, and therefore represents atypical form of federalism.

2011 - Seventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 157 words || 
2. Guardini, Luciana., Marquez, Jorge., Piedra, Lissette. and Cintron, Valerie. "“Darse Cuenta,” “Si, Pero” and Other “Ah Ha” Moments: Reflections of Cognition Change" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champain Illini Union, Urbana, IL, <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Most empirically validated treatments used by mental health providers reflect the cultural and linguistic norms of native English speakers; and therefore require linguistic and cultural adaptions for use with Spanish-speaking clients. Such adaptions necessitate a careful analysis of language and culture within a situated context. However, missing in the literature are the views for how Latinos with limited English proficiency understand the recovery process from depression. This paper examines the processes of cognitive change reported by Latina mothers who participated in a treatment group for depression over a ten-week period. Based on our analysis of three focus groups and the mothers’ post-treatment narratives, we will discuss the participants’ treatment experiences and the meanings they attach to the healing process. By situating our analysis within contemporary Latin American scholarship, we show how language and culture influence the creation of new schema. We provide specific language and cultural nuances that indicate cognitive change.

2018 - MPSA Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
3. Janicek, Timothy. "The Globalization of Islamic Finance in non-Islamic Monetary Jurisdictions: An Assessment of Shari'ah-compliant Banking Performance in the United Kingdom and Luxembourg" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual Conference, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 05, 2018 <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <>
Publication Type: Undergraduate Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study examines economic policies that allow Islamic banking to be profitable in Western markets, with respect to cases in Luxembourg and the United Kingdom, followed by an assessment of their profitability.

2011 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 372 words || 
4. Hsu, Hsuan. "“The Chinaman’s Evidence”: Race and Testimony in Ah Sin and Pudd’nhead Wilson" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <>
Publication Type: Internal Paper
Abstract: Drawing on performance theory, legal history, and critical race studies, this essay analyzes intersections of legal testimony and comparative racialization in Mark Twain and Bret Harte’s collaboratively authored yellowface play Ah Sin (1877) with Twain’s treatment of fingerprinting in Pudd’nhead Wilson (1894). I argue that Twain’s farcical courtroom scenes help us understand the ways in which his work drew on and critiqued intersections between the racialization of disparate groups.

I frame _Ah Sin_ as a response to anti-Chinese legislation by reading its scenes of witness and testimony in the context of debates about the prohibition on Chinese testimony decided in People v. Hall (1854)—a case that extended a ban on African American and Native American testimony to the Chinese. Whereas People v. Hall invalidated the testimony of three Chinese witnesses against a white man who murdered a Chinese man (and thus enabled courts to turn a blind eye during decades of anti-Chinese violence), Ah Sin features a Chinese laundryman who witnesses a white-on-white “murder” and manages to produce non-testimonial evidence about the act. Despite its authors’ intention to capitalize on the popularity of Bret Harte’s farcical poem “Plain Language from Truthful James,” Ah Sin presents a critical meditation on testimony, witness, and racism in a frontier mining settlement.

The second section of my paper situates Ah Sin in the broader context of Twain’s career, arguing that his early (and in many cases unfinished) treatments of Chinese migrants to California, Nevada, and Hawai’i experimented with forms (such as journalistic parody and legal farce) that would recur in his later treatments of antiblack racism. Like _Ah Sin_, _Pudd’nhead Wilson_ concludes with a trial in which a racialized character provides non-testimonial evidence. I link the fingerprinting records with which _Pudd’nhead_ confirms Tom’s racial identity with the use of physical evidence (including fingerprints) in records of Chinese immigrants during the Exclusion era (the earliest considered use of fingerprinting by the US state). Rather than focusing on racism against specific groups, the courtroom scenes in _Ah Sin_ and _Pudd’nhead_ critique legal mechanisms of racialization (the ban on testimony, biometric records targeting populations) applied unevenly to different groups.

2018 - ASEH Annual Conference Words: 287 words || 
5. Low, Michael. "Petrol for the Padişah or Power Outage?: Toward an Ottoman History of Oil and Energy Michael Christopher Low" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASEH Annual Conference, Riverside Convention Center, Riverside, CA, <Not Available>. 2020-02-22 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: Although recent years have seen exciting advances in the environmental history of oil, the existing literature on the early years of petroleum exploration and extraction still relies heavily on Euro-American perspectives. As a result, it tends to fixate on the 1901 D’Arcy concession in Iran or the American discovery of oil in Saudi Arabia in the 1930s, ignoring decades of oil exploration, concessions, and speculation in Ottoman Iraq, Syria, Eastern Anatolia, and the Red Sea from the 1870s onward.

Drawing on Ottoman archival materials from the Ministry of Forestry, Mining, and Agriculture (Orman ve Maadin ve Ziraat Nezareti) and the records of Sultan Abdülhamid II’s privy purse (Hazine-i Hassa), this paper seeks to demonstrate how Ottoman oil concessions and exploratory activities attracted British and German interest in Middle Eastern oil and natural gas beds long before World War I. Although the Ottoman state had surveyed many of Baghdad and Mosul’s potential oil fields prior to World War I, in an effort to keep these resources out of the hands of European joint-stock companies, the land and natural resources of these regions were placed under the administration of the Sultan’s privy purse. Thus, while the Ottoman state understood the potential value of these oil fields, by shielding them from European interests, this approach also deprived the empire of the capital and technical expertise needed to exploit its vast petroleum wealth. By highlighting this predicament, this paper seeks to assess how fear of foreign financial, technical, and infrastructural dependency warped Ottoman and Middle Eastern energy and infrastructural policies ranging from oil and coal to railways and electricity. By doing so, it attempts to reframe the well-worn story of Ottoman political decline in more material terms as a “power outage.”

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