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2006 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 30 words || 
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1. Lundsgaarde, Erik. "Trade Not Aid or Aid for Trade? Commercial Interests and the Distribution of Foreign Aid" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p140353_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study evaluates the importance of trade and foreign direct investment ties as determinants of aid allocations from 22 OECD donor countries to 187 aid recipients over the period 1980-2002.

2009 - ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE" Pages: 34 pages || Words: 9222 words || 
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2. Nielson, Daniel. and Layton, Timothy. "Aiding Inequality: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Foreign Aid's Effect on Income Distribution in Developing Countries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p310396_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In recent years there has been an increase in literature criticizing the current methods for giving foreign aid. Aid is often politically motivated and misused. In this paper, we extend this argument by investigating the effects of foreign aid on income d

2006 - American Political Science Association Pages: 32 pages || Words: 11576 words || 
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3. Wright, Joseph. "Aid Effectiveness in Democracies: How Political Institutions Shape the Use of Foreign Aid in Recipient Countries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 31, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p151375_index.html>
Publication Type: Proceeding
Abstract: This paper looks at how democratic political institutions
impact the relationship between foreign aid and economic growth.
Political institutions such as the type of executive, the electoral
system, and the level of personalism structure politicians'
incentives for pursuing corruption and targeting government spending
to narrow constituencies. Because democratic institutions impact
these outcomes, they provide incentives for politicians over the use
of foreign aid. Using panel data from aid recipient democracies from
1960-2001, I find that aid increases growth in democracies with less
personalist institutions and in presidential rather than
parliamentary regimes. Countries under PR, and especially CLPR, are
also more likely to evidence a positive correlation between aid and
growth.

2006 - International Studies Association Words: 310 words || 
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4. Barratt, Bethany. "Whom Do We Serve? The Gulf Between Official Aid Strategy and Aid Agency Tactics (Note: paper withdrawn due to limits on number of appearances by an author.)" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100422_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Even as the Bush administration has adopted a distinctly unilateral and realpolitik approach to foreign policy, it has defended its actions on grounds of restoring democracy and respect for human rights in the states where it intervenes, going so far as to incorporate the language of political liberty into the title of the Iraqi invasion operation, Operation Iraqi Freedom. But what do we know more generally about the actual role of human rights and democracy in nations? foreign policies? In particular, under what conditions does the status of human rights in one state affect other states? policies toward it? And to what extent, if any, do aid donors take human rights into account in aid decisions relative to other criteria?Inconsistencies are often noted between public commitment to aid policy based on good governance and the often-made criticism that foreign assistance often seems to follow trade rather than democracy. My research demonstrates that under certain conditions, this inconsistency is not due to intentional prevarication at the level of public statements, but rather due to two key factors. First, a substantial gulf exists between the goals and perceptions of those who make foreign aid policy at the highest levels and those responsible for executing its disbursement. Second, in some conditions a sort of reverse logic exists that results in states with lower levels of democracy intentionally recieving more aid.Decisions about aid are fundamentally governed by a calculus on the part of states who want to maximize gains from trade with recipient states when there are sufficient gains to be had, but may nod to principle when there are not. In fact, there is a tipping point at which we can expect recipient democracy to come into play. These hypotheses are empirically assessed through detailed content analysis of correspondence surrounding aid decisions in both the UK and Canada over the past twenty-five years.

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 37 pages || Words: unavailable || 
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5. Bermeo, Sarah. "Foreign Aid, Foreign Policy, and Development: Sector Allocation in Bilateral Aid" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-08-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p179854_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper shows, by examining cross-country bilateral aid allocation at the sector level, that meeting the needs of the poor and promoting development are important objectives for aid donors. Aid meant to foster growth and development in the near-term is disproportionately given to countries that have the capacity, as measured by government policy, to use this money effectively. Aid for social sector services is more widely disbursed, while aid for emergency relief is given to meet immediate needs in the wake of a disaster, influx of refugees, or internal strife. These findings are robust across different measures of policy and different model specifications. Bilateral aid allocation is also responsive to policy changes within recipients. Similar patterns are observed for the largest bilateral donor, the United States, even when taking into account bilateral military assistance, trade, and similarity in UN voting records. These findings show that donor countries condition aid designed to promote growth on the policy environments of recipients, refuting previous studies that failed to appreciate that much aid is given for reasons other than economic growth. They also suggest that it is misleading to use growth as a dependent variable when examining the importance of policy for aggregate aid effectiveness because the likelihood of receiving aid aimed at fostering growth is itself partially determined by a country's policy environment.

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