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2007 - American Political Science Association Pages: 17 pages || Words: 9894 words || 
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1. Aslam, Ali. "Al-Qadi al-Nu 'man's Da 'a'im al-Islam: Outlining Jihad's Role in the Development of Political Judgment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL, Aug 30, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-04-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p211510_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The events of September 11, 2001, have understandably focused critical attention on jihad. The dialogue in popular media has framed jihad in binary terms. Detractors (largely in the West) view jihad in a single dimension. For them, jihad is bellicose, aggressive, and radical― historically linked to Islam’s imperial ambitions. Defenders, sometimes apologists, for Islam have attempted to recast jihad, emphasizing its importance in the interior spiritual life of Muslims, a kind of personal jihad. This alternative narrative has emphasized personal striving to lead a righteous and Godly life, attempting to effectively neutralize jihad’s historical associations as a political instrument claimed by the state to justify its dominion.
Al-Qadi al-Nu ‘man’s tenth century Da ‘a’im al-Islam, particularly its final volume, the “Book of Jihad,” best exemplifies the latter tradition. I believe that a close investigation of this text will offer us a better view of the multiple resonances of jihad. Specifically, I am concerned with examining the dimensions of jihad in a political context and thereby challenging the reified positions it occupies in the current debate.
While al-Nu ‘man’s “Book of Jihad” is a theoretical justification of the Fatimid Dynasty’s imperial project, I argue that it introduces a new form of political judgment, that creates a form of democratic accountability which transforms subjects into citizens. This new form of society is notably more egalitarian, particularly with respect to its economic welfare provisions. I argue that considerable power rests, not with the Imam, but with the people. Rather than an omnipotent Imam (al-Nu ‘man begins by describing the Imam as God’s plenipotentiary), al-Nu ‘man subverts and constrains the Imam’s powers. A close textual reading in combination with an understanding of the larger intellectual currents that shaped the Fatamis Isma‘ili Shi’ism and societal practices suggests that al-Nu ‘man believes that the Imam’s authority rests on his ability to foster and maintain a society characterized by concern for social justice, including economic regulation and welfare provisions. Al-Nu ‘man repeatedly exhorts the Imam to identify and ally his interests with those of the people. This paper aims to recover the more radical elements of the “Book of Jihad” that have been neglected in the single dimensional emphasis on its endorsement of a belligerent jihad.

2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Words: 196 words || 
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2. El-Oifi, Mohammed. "The Rivalry between Al-Jazeera and Al-Arabiya: A Mediatic and Diplomatic Duel" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-04-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p500666_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The expression “Arab media”, widely used, gives a false impression of uniformity, while they are diverse in their approaches, treatments and coverage of events. The Arab media arena is structured along bitter rivalries between states and interest groups, where the “good” interpretation of any event is promoted and the competitor’s is denigrated. In this respect, the duel opposing Al-Jazeera and Al-Arabiya, the most watched stations in the Arab World, is a model of rivalry. They have been created by two states having complex relations (the Qatar and the Saudi Arabia) and developed two opposite editorial lines which reflect more or less the actual division of opinions about political and diplomatic issues. This paper a three objectives: (1) to draw a historical portrait of the role of media in inter-Arab relations, and to show this duel is only the perpetuation of a long trend; (2) to establish a sociology of the journalists of both television stations (strategies and editorial line); (3) to put the emphasis on the political and diplomatic mechanisms that allow these television stations to put a wedge into the information control system of the Arab governments towards more freedom of expression and opinion pluralism.

2016 - ICA's 66th Annual Conference Words: 101 words || 
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3. Ma'oz, Moshe. "Historical, cultural, and religious aspects of the difficult conversations between Muslims and Jews: The case of Temple Mount/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif as a contested site" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 66th Annual Conference, Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk, Fukuoka, Japan, <Not Available>. 2019-04-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1103856_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: This paper discusses cultural, religious, ethical and historical aspects of the difficult conversations between Jews and Muslims on Temple Mount/ Al-Haram Al-Sharif as a contested site and their transitions between potential dialogues and violent clashes. Temple Mount has been for centuries a sacred shrine: religiously, culturally and nationally for Jews and Muslims. The status quo that held for decades was shattered by extremists on both sides - engaged in a struggle for control by deeds and words, overshadowing the dialogues between moderate Jews and Muslims. Interactions and communication within and between extreme groups from both sides will be presented analyzed.

2009 - ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE" Words: 41 words || 
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4. Lia, Brynjar. "Does al-Qaida Articulate a Consistent Strategy? A Study of al-Qaida Leadership Statements, 2001-2008" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-04-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p312522_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Drawing upon a collection of more than 100 public messages by bin Ladin and al-Zawahiri since 9/11 and analytical tools from content analysis theory, this paper explores to what degree al-Qaida public message on strategic issues has been consistent over t

2012 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 8957 words || 
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5. Samuel-Azran, Tal. and Pecht, Naama. "The Al-Jazeera-Qatari Nexus: A Longitudinal Content Analysis of Al-Jazeera's Reporting Throughout the Qatari-Saudi Crisis" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton Phoenix Downtown, Phoenix, AZ, May 23, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p552249_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The study examines whether an Al-Jazeera-Qatar nexus exists through a study of Al-Jazeera coverage of Saudi-Arabia throughout the Qatari-Saudi crisis. Specifically, it aims to reveal whether Al-Jazeera Arabic and English websites increased negative tone and reduced positive tone throughout the conflict in comparison to the pre- and post-conflict periods. We found correlation between Al-Jazeera Arabic's articles tone and period of coverage, but no correlation between Al-Jazeera English articles tone and conflict period. The comparative analysis between Al-Jazeera Arabic and English reveled correlation during the conflict but no correlation during the post-conflict period, possibly because Al-Jazeera Arabic increased neutrality and reduced criticism of Saudi Arabia during the post-conflict in a similar manner to the Al-Jazeera English. The main contribution of the study, the first to examine Al-Jazeera output throughout directly involves Qatar and thus forced Al-Jazeera to choose between high journalistic norms and Qatar's foreign interests, is to illuminate the boundaries of Al-Jazeera Arabic's professionalism. The second contribution is to strengthen former studies that claim for systematic differences between Al-Jazeera Arabic and English broadcasting norms. Finally, the study posits Al-Jazeera as a reformist rather than a liberal network, as it indicates that Qatari interests play a major role in its output.

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